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Open AccessArticle

Simulation Comparisons of Particulate Emissions from Fires under Marginal and Critical Conditions

Earth and Environmental Science Division, Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, NM 88003, USA
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(11), 704;
Received: 1 October 2019 / Revised: 1 November 2019 / Accepted: 8 November 2019 / Published: 13 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Air Quality and Smoke Management)
Using a particulate emissions model developed for FIRETEC, we explore differences in particle emission profiles between high-intensity fires under critical conditions and low-intensity fires under marginal conditions. Simulations were performed in a chaparral shrubland and a coniferous pine forest representative of the southeast United States. In each case, simulations were carried out under marginal and critical fire conditions. Marginal fire conditions include high moisture levels and low winds, often desired for prescribed fires as these conditions produce a low-intensity burn with slower spread rates. Critical fire conditions include low moisture levels and high winds, which easily lead to uncontrollable wildfires which produce a high-intensity burn with faster spread rates. These simulations’ resultant particle emission profiles show critical fire conditions generate larger particle emission factors, higher total mass emissions, and a higher lofting potential of particles into the atmosphere when compared against marginal fire conditions but similar particle size distrubtions. In addition, a sensitivity analysis of the emissions model was performed to evaluate key parameters which govern particle emission factor and particle size. View Full-Text
Keywords: CFD Simulation; Particulate Emissions; Soot Formation CFD Simulation; Particulate Emissions; Soot Formation
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Josephson, A.J.; Castaño, D.; Holmes, M.J.; Linn, R.R. Simulation Comparisons of Particulate Emissions from Fires under Marginal and Critical Conditions. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 704.

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