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Open AccessArticle

A Wind Tunnel Study on the Correlation between Urban Space Quantification and Pedestrian–Level Ventilation

1
School of Architecture and Urban Planning, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210093, China
2
State Environmental Protection Key Laboratory of Atmospheric Physical Modeling and Pollution Control, State Power Environmental Protection Research Institute Co., Ltd., Nanjing 210093, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Atmosphere 2019, 10(10), 564; https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos10100564
Received: 11 August 2019 / Revised: 16 September 2019 / Accepted: 18 September 2019 / Published: 20 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Climatology and Meteorology)
Correlation research on urban space and pedestrian–level wind (PLW) environments is helpful for improving the wind comfort in complex urban space. It could also be significant for building and urban design. Correlation research is usually carried out in a space with clear urban spatial characteristics, so it is necessary to define the space first. In this paper, a typical urban area in Nanjing, China, is selected as the research object, and a spatial partition method is used to divide the real complex urban space into subspaces. The urban spatial characteristics of such subspaces are quantified using three urban spatial indices: openness (O), area (A), and shape (S). By comparing the quantitative results, 24 (12 pairs) subspaces with prominent urban spatial indices are selected as the correlation research cases. The 24 subspaces also provide a reference for the layout of the measurement points in a wind tunnel experiment. This is a new arrangement for locating the measurement points of a wind tunnel for correlation research. In the experiment, 45 measurement points are located, and the mean wind velocity of four different wind directions at 45 measurement points is experimented. The results clearly show that, when the experimental conditions are the same, the changes of mean wind velocity ratio ( U R ¯ ) of 24 (12pairs) subspaces under the four experimental wind directions are close. The U R ¯ s of the subspaces are not significantly affected by the wind direction, which is affected more by the subspaces’ spatial characteristics. When making the correlation analysis between mean wind speed ratio and spatial characteristics’ indices, a direct numerical comparison was not able to find a correlation. By comparing the difference values of mean wind speed (△ U R ¯ ) and indices between each pair of subspaces, the correlation between U R ¯ and openness of subspaces were found. Limited by spatial partition method, the correlation between U R ¯ and the other indices was not obvious. View Full-Text
Keywords: wind tunnel experiment; urban space; pedestrian level wind; correlation research wind tunnel experiment; urban space; pedestrian level wind; correlation research
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Li, J.; Peng, Y.; Ji, H.; Hu, Y.; Ding, W. A Wind Tunnel Study on the Correlation between Urban Space Quantification and Pedestrian–Level Ventilation. Atmosphere 2019, 10, 564.

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