A Computational Method for Classifying Different Human Tissues with Quantitatively Tissue-Specific Expressed Genes
AbstractTissue-specific gene expression has long been recognized as a crucial key for understanding tissue development and function. Efforts have been made in the past decade to identify tissue-specific expression profiles, such as the Human Proteome Atlas and FANTOM5. However, these studies mainly focused on “qualitatively tissue-specific expressed genes” which are highly enriched in one or a group of tissues but paid less attention to “quantitatively tissue-specific expressed genes”, which are expressed in all or most tissues but with differential expression levels. In this study, we applied machine learning algorithms to build a computational method for identifying “quantitatively tissue-specific expressed genes” capable of distinguishing 25 human tissues from their expression patterns. Our results uncovered the expression of 432 genes as optimal features for tissue classification, which were obtained with a Matthews Correlation Coefficient (MCC) of more than 0.99 yielded by a support vector machine (SVM). This constructed model was superior to the SVM model using tissue enriched genes and yielded MCC of 0.985 on an independent test dataset, indicating its good generalization ability. These 432 genes were proven to be widely expressed in multiple tissues and a literature review of the top 23 genes found that most of them support their discriminating powers. As a complement to previous studies, our discovery of these quantitatively tissue-specific genes provides insights into the detailed understanding of tissue development and function. View Full-Text
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Li, J.; Chen, L.; Zhang, Y.-H.; Kong, X.; Huang, T.; Cai, Y.-D. A Computational Method for Classifying Different Human Tissues with Quantitatively Tissue-Specific Expressed Genes. Genes 2018, 9, 449.
Li J, Chen L, Zhang Y-H, Kong X, Huang T, Cai Y-D. A Computational Method for Classifying Different Human Tissues with Quantitatively Tissue-Specific Expressed Genes. Genes. 2018; 9(9):449.Chicago/Turabian Style
Li, JiaRui; Chen, Lei; Zhang, Yu-Hang; Kong, XiangYin; Huang, Tao; Cai, Yu-Dong. 2018. "A Computational Method for Classifying Different Human Tissues with Quantitatively Tissue-Specific Expressed Genes." Genes 9, no. 9: 449.
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