The Clinical Course of Patients with Preschool Manifestation of Type 1 Diabetes Is Independent of the HLA DR-DQ Genotype
AbstractIntroduction: Major histocompatibility complex class II genes are considered major genetic risk factors for autoimmune diabetes. We analysed Human Leukocyte Antigen (HLA) DR and DQ haplotypes in a cohort with early-onset (age < 5 years), long term type 1 diabetes (T1D) and explored their influence on clinical and laboratory parameters. Methods: Intermediate resolution HLA-DRB1, DQA1 and DQB1 typing was performed in 233 samples from the German Paediatric Diabetes Biobank and compared with a local control cohort of 19,544 cases. Clinical follow-up data of 195 patients (diabetes duration 14.2 ± 2.9 years) and residual C-peptide levels were compared between three HLA risk groups using multiple linear regression analysis. Results: Genetic variability was low, 44.6% (104/233) of early-onset T1D patients carried the highest-risk genotype HLA-DRB1*03:01-DQA1*05:01-DQB1*02:01/DRB1*04-DQA1*03:01-DQB1*03:02 (HLA-DRB1*04 denoting 04:01/02/04/05), and 231 of 233 individuals carried at least one of six risk haplotypes. Comparing clinical data between the highest (n = 83), moderate (n = 106) and low risk (n = 6) genotypes, we found no difference in age at diagnosis (mean age 2.8 ± 1.1 vs. 2.8 ± 1.2 vs. 3.2 ± 1.5 years), metabolic control, or frequency of associated autoimmune diseases between HLA risk groups (each p > 0.05). Residual C-peptide was detectable in 23.5% and C-peptide levels in the highest-risk group were comparable to levels in moderate to high risk genotypes. Conclusion: In this study, we saw no evidence for a different clinical course of early-onset T1D based on the HLA genotype within the first ten years after manifestation. View Full-Text
Share & Cite This Article
Reinauer, C.; Rosenbauer, J.; Bächle, C.; Herder, C.; Roden, M.; Ellard, S.; De Franco, E.; Karges, B.; Holl, R.W.; Enczmann, J.; Meissner, T. The Clinical Course of Patients with Preschool Manifestation of Type 1 Diabetes Is Independent of the HLA DR-DQ Genotype. Genes 2017, 8, 146.
Reinauer C, Rosenbauer J, Bächle C, Herder C, Roden M, Ellard S, De Franco E, Karges B, Holl RW, Enczmann J, Meissner T. The Clinical Course of Patients with Preschool Manifestation of Type 1 Diabetes Is Independent of the HLA DR-DQ Genotype. Genes. 2017; 8(5):146.Chicago/Turabian Style
Reinauer, Christina; Rosenbauer, Joachim; Bächle, Christina; Herder, Christian; Roden, Michael; Ellard, Sian; De Franco, Elisa; Karges, Beate; Holl, Reinhard W.; Enczmann, Jürgen; Meissner, Thomas. 2017. "The Clinical Course of Patients with Preschool Manifestation of Type 1 Diabetes Is Independent of the HLA DR-DQ Genotype." Genes 8, no. 5: 146.
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.