Next Article in Journal
The Replication Fork: Understanding the Eukaryotic Replication Machinery and the Challenges to Genome Duplication
Next Article in Special Issue
MicroRNAs and Molecular Mechanisms of Neurodegeneration
Previous Article in Journal / Special Issue
Use of RNA Interference by In Utero Electroporation to Study Cortical Development: The Example of the Doublecortin Superfamily
Open AccessReview

The Sound of Silence: RNAi in Poly (ADP-Ribose) Research

Institute of Pharmacology and Toxicology, University of Zurich-Vetsuisse, Winterthurerstrasse 260, 8057 Zurich, Switzerland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Genes 2012, 3(4), 779-805; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes3040779
Received: 4 September 2012 / Revised: 5 November 2012 / Accepted: 6 November 2012 / Published: 6 December 2012
(This article belongs to the Special Issue RNA Interference)
Poly(ADP-ribosyl)-ation is a nonprotein posttranslational modification of proteins and plays an integral part in cell physiology and pathology. The metabolism of poly(ADP-ribose) (PAR) is regulated by its synthesis by poly(ADP-ribose) polymerases (PARPs) and on the catabolic side by poly(ADP-ribose) glycohydrolase (PARG). PARPs convert NAD+ molecules into PAR chains that interact covalently or noncovalently with target proteins and thereby modify their structure and functions. PAR synthesis is activated when PARP1 and PARP2 bind to DNA breaks and these two enzymes account for almost all PAR formation after genotoxic stress. PARG cleaves PAR molecules into free PAR and finally ADP-ribose (ADPR) moieties, both acting as messengers in cellular stress signaling. In this review, we discuss the potential of RNAi to manipulate the levels of PARPs and PARG, and consequently those of PAR and ADPR, and compare the results with those obtained after genetic or chemical disruption. View Full-Text
Keywords: ADPR; PAR; PARP1; PARP2; PARG; siRNA ADPR; PAR; PARP1; PARP2; PARG; siRNA
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Blenn, C.; Wyrsch, P.; Althaus, F.R. The Sound of Silence: RNAi in Poly (ADP-Ribose) Research. Genes 2012, 3, 779-805.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Only visits after 24 November 2015 are recorded.
Search more from Scilit
 
Search
Back to TopTop