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Versatile Physiological Functions of Plant GSK3-Like Kinases

by 1,2,*, 1,2, 1,2 and 1,2,3,*
1
State Key Laboratory for Conservation and Utilization of Subtropical Agro-Bioresources, College of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
2
Guangdong Key Laboratory for Innovative Development and Utilization of Forest Plant Germplasm, College of Forestry and Landscape Architecture, South China Agricultural University, Guangzhou 510642, China
3
Department of Molecular, Cellular, and Developmental Biology, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48109, USA
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Benoît Lacombe
Genes 2021, 12(5), 697; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12050697
Received: 12 April 2021 / Revised: 5 May 2021 / Accepted: 6 May 2021 / Published: 8 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Role of Peptide and Kinase in the Growth of Plants)
The plant glycogen synthase kinase 3 (GSK3)-like kinases are highly conserved protein serine/threonine kinases that are grouped into four subfamilies. Similar to their mammalian homologs, these kinases are constitutively active under normal growth conditions but become inactivated in response to diverse developmental and environmental signals. Since their initial discoveries in the early 1990s, many biochemical and genetic studies were performed to investigate their physiological functions in various plant species. These studies have demonstrated that the plant GSK3-like kinases are multifunctional kinases involved not only in a wide variety of plant growth and developmental processes but also in diverse plant stress responses. Here we summarize our current understanding of the versatile physiological functions of the plant GSK3-like kinases along with their confirmed and potential substrates. View Full-Text
Keywords: brassinosteroid signaling; protein phosphorylation; biotic/abiotic stress; stomata development; flowering; cell division/differentiation; cell expansion/elongation; root development; vascular differentiation; photomorphogenesis brassinosteroid signaling; protein phosphorylation; biotic/abiotic stress; stomata development; flowering; cell division/differentiation; cell expansion/elongation; root development; vascular differentiation; photomorphogenesis
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MDPI and ACS Style

Mao, J.; Li, W.; Liu, J.; Li, J. Versatile Physiological Functions of Plant GSK3-Like Kinases. Genes 2021, 12, 697. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12050697

AMA Style

Mao J, Li W, Liu J, Li J. Versatile Physiological Functions of Plant GSK3-Like Kinases. Genes. 2021; 12(5):697. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12050697

Chicago/Turabian Style

Mao, Juan, Wenxin Li, Jing Liu, and Jianming Li. 2021. "Versatile Physiological Functions of Plant GSK3-Like Kinases" Genes 12, no. 5: 697. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes12050697

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