Next Article in Journal
Comparative Genomics Reveals Novel Target Genes towards Specific Control of Plant-Parasitic Nematodes
Next Article in Special Issue
A Multidisciplinary Review of the Inka Imperial Resettlement Policy and Implications for Future Investigations
Previous Article in Journal
Developmental Validation of a MPS Workflow with a PCR-Based Short Amplicon Whole Mitochondrial Genome Panel
Review

Ancient DNA Studies in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica

1
Australian Centre for Ancient DNA, School of Biological Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
2
National Centre for Indigenous Genomics, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT 0200, Australia
3
Environment Institute, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
4
Centre of Excellence for Australian Biodiversity and Heritage (CABAH), School of Biological Sciences, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA 5005, Australia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Genes 2020, 11(11), 1346; https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11111346
Received: 1 October 2020 / Revised: 4 November 2020 / Accepted: 10 November 2020 / Published: 13 November 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue The Peopling of the Americas: A Genetic Perspective)
Mesoamerica is a historically and culturally defined geographic area comprising current central and south Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, and border regions of Honduras, western Nicaragua, and northwestern Costa Rica. The permanent settling of Mesoamerica was accompanied by the development of agriculture and pottery manufacturing (2500 BCE–150 CE), which led to the rise of several cultures connected by commerce and farming. Hence, Mesoamericans probably carried an invaluable genetic diversity partly lost during the Spanish conquest and the subsequent colonial period. Mesoamerican ancient DNA (aDNA) research has mainly focused on the study of mitochondrial DNA in the Basin of Mexico and the Yucatán Peninsula and its nearby territories, particularly during the Postclassic period (900–1519 CE). Despite limitations associated with the poor preservation of samples in tropical areas, recent methodological improvements pave the way for a deeper analysis of Mesoamerica. Here, we review how aDNA research has helped discern population dynamics patterns in the pre-Columbian Mesoamerican context, how it supports archaeological, linguistic, and anthropological conclusions, and finally, how it offers new working hypotheses. View Full-Text
Keywords: ancient DNA; Mesoamerica; Teotihuacan; mtDNA; Native American founding lineages; Native American genetic history; Native American ancestries ancient DNA; Mesoamerica; Teotihuacan; mtDNA; Native American founding lineages; Native American genetic history; Native American ancestries
Show Figures

Figure 1

MDPI and ACS Style

Roca-Rada, X.; Souilmi, Y.; Teixeira, J.C.; Llamas, B. Ancient DNA Studies in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. Genes 2020, 11, 1346. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11111346

AMA Style

Roca-Rada X, Souilmi Y, Teixeira JC, Llamas B. Ancient DNA Studies in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. Genes. 2020; 11(11):1346. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11111346

Chicago/Turabian Style

Roca-Rada, Xavier, Yassine Souilmi, João C. Teixeira, and Bastien Llamas. 2020. "Ancient DNA Studies in Pre-Columbian Mesoamerica" Genes 11, no. 11: 1346. https://doi.org/10.3390/genes11111346

Find Other Styles
Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Article Access Map by Country/Region

1
Back to TopTop