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Open AccessArticle

The Caribou (Rangifer tarandus) Genome

Biology Department, Trent University, 1600 West Bank Drive, Peterborough, ON K9J 7B8, Canada
Department of Biology, McMaster University, 1280 Main St. West, Hamilton, ON L8S 4K1, Canada
Science and Technology Division, Environment and Climate Change Canada, 1125 Colonel By Drive, Ottawa, ON K1S 5R1, Canada
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Genes 2019, 10(7), 540;
Received: 31 May 2019 / Revised: 12 July 2019 / Accepted: 16 July 2019 / Published: 17 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Section Animal Genetics and Genomics)
PDF [797 KB, uploaded 17 July 2019]
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Rangifer tarandus, known as caribou or reindeer, is a widespread circumpolar species which presents significant variability in their morphology, ecology, and genetics. A genome was sequenced from a male boreal caribou (R. t. caribou) from Manitoba, Canada. Both paired end and Chicago libraries were constructed and sequenced on Illumina platforms. The final assembly consists of approximately 2.205 Gb, and has a scaffold N50 of 11.765 Mb. BUSCO (Benchmarking Universal Single-Copy Orthologs) reconstructed 3820 (93.1%) complete mammalian genes, and genome annotation identified the locations of 33,177 protein-coding genes. An alignment to the bovine genome was carried out, indicating sequence coverage on all bovine chromosomes. A high-quality reference genome will be invaluable for evolutionary research and for conservation efforts for the species. Further information about the genome, including a FASTA file of the assembly and the annotation files, is available on our caribou genome website. Raw sequence data is available at the National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI), under the BioProject accession number PRJNA549927. View Full-Text
Keywords: caribou; reindeer; Rangifer tarandus; genome; genome assembly caribou; reindeer; Rangifer tarandus; genome; genome assembly

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Taylor, R.S.; Horn, R.L.; Zhang, X.; Golding, G.B.; Manseau, M.; Wilson, P.J. The Caribou (Rangifer tarandus) Genome. Genes 2019, 10, 540.

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