A Novel Insight into Functional Divergence of the MST Gene Family in Rice Based on Comprehensive Expression Patterns
AbstractSugars are critical for plant growth and development as suppliers of carbon and energy, as signal molecules, or as solute molecules for osmotic homeostasis. Monosaccharide transporter (MST) genes are involved in various processes of plant growth and development as well as in response to abiotic stresses. However, the evolution and their roles of MST genes in growth and development and in coping with abiotic stresses in rice are poorly known. Here, we identified 64 MST genes in rice genome, which are classified into seven subfamilies: STP, PLT, AZT, ERD, pGlcT, INT, and XTPH. MST genes are not evenly distributed between chromosomes (Chrs) with a bias to Chr 3, 4, 7, and 11, which could be a result of duplication of fragments harboring MST genes. In total, 12 duplication events were found in the rice MST family, among which, two pairs were derived from fragmental duplications and ten pairs were from tandem duplications. The synonymous and nonsynonymous substitution rates of duplicate gene pairs demonstrated that the MST family was under a strong negative selection during the evolution process. Furthermore, a comprehensive expression analysis conducted in 11 different tissues, three abiotic stresses, five hormone treatments, and three sugar treatments revealed different expression patterns of MST genes and indicated diversified functions of them. Our results suggest that MST genes play important roles not only in various abiotic stresses but also in hormone and sugar responses. The present results will provide a vital insight into the functional divergence of the MST family in the future study. View Full-Text
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Deng, X.; An, B.; Zhong, H.; Yang, J.; Kong, W.; Li, Y. A Novel Insight into Functional Divergence of the MST Gene Family in Rice Based on Comprehensive Expression Patterns. Genes 2019, 10, 239.
Deng X, An B, Zhong H, Yang J, Kong W, Li Y. A Novel Insight into Functional Divergence of the MST Gene Family in Rice Based on Comprehensive Expression Patterns. Genes. 2019; 10(3):239.Chicago/Turabian Style
Deng, Xiaolong; An, Baoguang; Zhong, Hua; Yang, Jing; Kong, Weilong; Li, Yangsheng. 2019. "A Novel Insight into Functional Divergence of the MST Gene Family in Rice Based on Comprehensive Expression Patterns." Genes 10, no. 3: 239.
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