The interaction of oncogenes with cellular proteins is a major determinant of cellular transformation. The NUP98-HOXA9 and SET-NUP214 chimeras result from recurrent chromosomal translocations in acute leukemia. Functionally, the two fusion proteins inhibit nuclear export and interact with epigenetic regulators. The full interactome of NUP98-HOXA9 and SET-NUP214 is currently unknown. We used proximity-dependent biotin identification (BioID) to study the landscape of the NUP98-HOXA9 and SET-NUP214 environments. Our results suggest that both fusion proteins interact with major regulators of RNA processing, with translation-associated proteins, and that both chimeras perturb the transcriptional program of the tumor suppressor p53. Other cellular processes appear to be distinctively affected by the particular fusion protein. NUP98-HOXA9 likely perturbs Wnt, MAPK, and estrogen receptor (ER) signaling pathways, as well as the cytoskeleton, the latter likely due to its interaction with the nuclear export receptor CRM1. Conversely, mitochondrial proteins and metabolic regulators are significantly overrepresented in the SET-NUP214 proximal interactome. Our study provides new clues on the mechanistic actions of nucleoporin fusion proteins and might be of particular relevance in the search for new druggable targets for the treatment of nucleoporin-related leukemia.
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