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Biomarkers in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis, Prognosis and Treatment Response Assessment

1
Hepatology and Liver Transplant Unit, Hospital Universitario Austral, School of Medicine, Austral University, B1629AHJ Buenos Aires, Argentina
2
Latin American Liver Research Educational and Awareness Network (LALREAN), B1629AHJ Buenos Aires, Argentina
3
Liver Unit, Hospital Privado de Rosario, 2000 Rosario, Santa Fe, Argentina
4
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, University of São Paulo School of Medicine, 05403-000 São Paulo, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Cells 2020, 9(6), 1370; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9061370
Received: 5 May 2020 / Revised: 28 May 2020 / Accepted: 28 May 2020 / Published: 1 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biomarkers in Hepatology)
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is one of the main cancer-related causes of death worldwide. Thus, there is a constant search for improvement in screening, diagnosis, and treatment strategies to improve the prognosis of this malignancy. The identification of useful biomarkers for surveillance and early HCC diagnosis is still deficient, with available serum biomarkers showing low sensitivity and heterogeneous specificity despite different cut-off points, even when assessed longitudinally, or with a combination of serum biomarkers. In contrast, HCC biomarkers used for prognostic (when associated with clinical outcomes) or predictive purposes (when associated with treatment response) may have an increased clinical role in the near future. Furthermore, some serum biomarkers are already implicated as a treatment selection tool, whether to provide access to certain therapies or to assess clinical benefit after treatment. In the present review we will discuss the clinical utility and foreseen future of HCC biomarkers implicated in surveillance, diagnosis, prognosis, and post-treatment assessment. View Full-Text
Keywords: liver cancer; biological; markers liver cancer; biological; markers
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MDPI and ACS Style

Piñero, F.; Dirchwolf, M.; Pessôa, M.G. Biomarkers in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis, Prognosis and Treatment Response Assessment. Cells 2020, 9, 1370. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9061370

AMA Style

Piñero F, Dirchwolf M, Pessôa MG. Biomarkers in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis, Prognosis and Treatment Response Assessment. Cells. 2020; 9(6):1370. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9061370

Chicago/Turabian Style

Piñero, Federico; Dirchwolf, Melisa; Pessôa, Mário G. 2020. "Biomarkers in Hepatocellular Carcinoma: Diagnosis, Prognosis and Treatment Response Assessment" Cells 9, no. 6: 1370. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells9061370

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