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Review

Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) and Associated Invasive Adhesions in Solid and Haematological Tumours

School of Life Sciences and Health, University of Roehampton, London SW15 4JD, UK
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Academic Editors: Gary S. Goldberg and Ester Martín-Villar
Cells 2022, 11(4), 649; https://doi.org/10.3390/cells11040649
Received: 13 January 2022 / Revised: 7 February 2022 / Accepted: 8 February 2022 / Published: 13 February 2022
In solid tumours, cancer cells that undergo epithelial mesenchymal transition (EMT) express characteristic gene expression signatures that promote invasive migration as well as the development of stemness, immunosuppression and drug/radiotherapy resistance, contributing to the formation of currently untreatable metastatic tumours. The cancer traits associated with EMT can be controlled by the signalling nodes at characteristic adhesion sites (focal contacts, invadopodia and microtentacles) where the regulation of cell migration, cell cycle progression and pro-survival signalling converge. In haematological tumours, ample evidence accumulated during the last decade indicates that the development of an EMT-like phenotype is indicative of poor disease prognosis. However, this EMT phenotype has not been directly linked to the assembly of specific forms of adhesions. In the current review we discuss the role of EMT in haematological malignancies and examine its possible link with the progression towards more invasive and aggressive forms of these tumours. We also review the known types of adhesions formed by haematological malignancies and speculate on their possible connection with the EMT phenotype. We postulate that understanding the architecture and regulation of EMT-related adhesions will lead to the discovery of new therapeutic interventions to overcome disease progression and resistance to therapies. View Full-Text
Keywords: EMT; haematological tumours; cell adhesions; drug resistance; migration; invasion EMT; haematological tumours; cell adhesions; drug resistance; migration; invasion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Greaves, D.; Calle, Y. Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) and Associated Invasive Adhesions in Solid and Haematological Tumours. Cells 2022, 11, 649. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells11040649

AMA Style

Greaves D, Calle Y. Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) and Associated Invasive Adhesions in Solid and Haematological Tumours. Cells. 2022; 11(4):649. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells11040649

Chicago/Turabian Style

Greaves, David, and Yolanda Calle. 2022. "Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) and Associated Invasive Adhesions in Solid and Haematological Tumours" Cells 11, no. 4: 649. https://doi.org/10.3390/cells11040649

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