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Open AccessArticle

The Impact of Organic vs. Conventional Agricultural Practices on Selected Quality Features of Eight Potato Cultivars

1
Institute of Human Nutrition Sciences, Warsaw University of Life Sciences, Nowoursynowska 159c, 02-776 Warsaw, Poland
2
Plant Breeding and Acclimatization Institute – National Research Institute, Szaniawskiego 15, Jadwisin, 05-140 Serock, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2019, 9(12), 799; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy9120799
Received: 9 November 2019 / Accepted: 20 November 2019 / Published: 23 November 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Organic vs. Conventional Cropping Systems)
An organic agricultural system based on natural methods and means of production is an alternative to intensive agriculture. The available research suggests that organic crops, in comparison to the conventional ones, are richer in phenolics and other antioxidants while containing less undesirable pesticide residues and nitrates. The aim of this study was to determine concentrations of polyphenols, lutein, vitamin C, and nitrates in eight potato cultivars (Mazur, Justa, Lawenda, Lech, Tacja, Laskana, Otolia, Magnolia) grown organically and conventionally in a controlled field experiment in Poland. Significant differences between potato tubers of the tested cultivars coming from organic and conventional production were identified for the majority of parameters. Higher concentrations of nitrates and lutein were found in conventional compared to the organic tubers, while organic potatoes were, on average, richer in phenolic compounds. Among the tested cultivars, Magnolia, Otolia, and Laskara were richest in vitamin C and phenolics. Otolia and Laskara also accumulated the highest levels of nitrates. If further confirmed, these observations might be of importance for the producers and consumers, who increasingly search for foods from sustainable and well-controlled agricultural systems. View Full-Text
Keywords: potato; Solanum tuberosum; vitamin C; phenolic compounds; lutein; nitrates; organic farming potato; Solanum tuberosum; vitamin C; phenolic compounds; lutein; nitrates; organic farming
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Kazimierczak, R.; Średnicka-Tober, D.; Hallmann, E.; Kopczyńska, K.; Zarzyńska, K. The Impact of Organic vs. Conventional Agricultural Practices on Selected Quality Features of Eight Potato Cultivars. Agronomy 2019, 9, 799.

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