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Biotechnological and Digital Revolution for Climate-Smart Plant Breeding

1
CREA Research Centre for Cereal and Industrial Crops, 71121 Foggia, Italy
2
CREA Research Centre for Vegetable and Ornamental Crops, 84098 Pontecagnano Faiano, Italy
3
Department of Soil, Plant and Food Sciences, University of Bari Aldo Moro, 70126 Bari, Italy
4
Institute of Biomedical Technologies, National Research Council (CNR), 70126 Bari, Italy
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2018, 8(12), 277; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy8120277
Received: 22 October 2018 / Revised: 15 November 2018 / Accepted: 22 November 2018 / Published: 26 November 2018
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Abstract

Climate change, associated with global warming, extreme weather events, and increasing incidence of weeds, pests and pathogens, is strongly influencing major cropping systems. In this challenging scenario, miscellaneous strategies are needed to expedite the rate of genetic gains with the purpose of developing novel varieties. Large plant breeding populations, efficient high-throughput technologies, big data management tools, and downstream biotechnology and molecular techniques are the pillars on which next generation breeding is based. In this review, we describe the toolbox the breeder has to face the challenges imposed by climate change, remark on the key role bioinformatics plays in the analysis and interpretation of big “omics” data, and acknowledge all the benefits that have been introduced into breeding strategies with the biotechnological and digital revolution. View Full-Text
Keywords: climate change; mapping populations; genetic resources; mutation breeding; genome editing; new plant breeding techniques; “omics” data; bioinformatics climate change; mapping populations; genetic resources; mutation breeding; genome editing; new plant breeding techniques; “omics” data; bioinformatics
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Taranto, F.; Nicolia, A.; Pavan, S.; De Vita, P.; D’Agostino, N. Biotechnological and Digital Revolution for Climate-Smart Plant Breeding. Agronomy 2018, 8, 277.

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