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Agronomy 2016, 6(2), 24;

Evaluation of African-Bred Maize Germplasm Lines for Resistance to Aflatoxin Accumulation

United States Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service, Food and Feed Safety Research Unit, Southern Regional Research Center, New Orleans, LA 70124, USA
USDA, ARS, Corn Host Plant Resistance Research Unit, Mississippi State, MS 39762-9555, USA
International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Oyo Rd., Ibadan PMB 5320, Nigeria
Department of Plant Pathology and Crop Physiology, LSU Agricultural Center, Baton Rouge, LA 70803, USA
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Diego Rubiales, Maria Carlota Vaz Patto and Elena Prats
Received: 15 March 2016 / Revised: 7 April 2016 / Accepted: 7 April 2016 / Published: 15 April 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Breeding for Disease Resistance)
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Aflatoxins, produced by the fungus Aspergillus flavus, contaminate maize grain and threaten human food and feed safety. Plant resistance is considered the best strategy for reducing aflatoxin accumulation. Six maize germplasm lines, TZAR101–TZAR106, were released by the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture-Southern Regional Research Center (IITA-SRRC) maize breeding collaboration for use in African National Programs and U.S. maize breeding programs. The present investigation was conducted to evaluate aflatoxin reduction by these lines in a U.S. environment. As germplasm lines, resistance was demonstrated by the lines tested in 2010 and 2014 trials. In 2010, TZAR106 was among the lines with the lowest toxin accumulation, and in 2014, along with TZAR102, supported low aflatoxin. When evaluated as single cross hybrids in 2012, 2013 and 2014, several crosses involving IITA-SRRC lines accumulated low toxin. In 2012, TZAR103 × HBA1 was one of 4 lines with the lowest concentration of aflatoxin. In 2014, five IITA-SRRC hybrids were among the lowest with TZAR102 × Va35 and TZAR102 × LH132 being the two lowest. Results demonstrate significant aflatoxin reduction by IITA-SRRC lines in a U.S. aflatoxin-conducive environment (at Mississippi State University). Further testing in different locations and environments is needed to further evaluate the potential usefulness of these germplasm lines. View Full-Text
Keywords: aflatoxin; host resistance; breeding; field trials aflatoxin; host resistance; breeding; field trials

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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).

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Brown, R.L.; Williams, W.P.; Windham, G.L.; Menkir, A.; Chen, Z.-Y. Evaluation of African-Bred Maize Germplasm Lines for Resistance to Aflatoxin Accumulation. Agronomy 2016, 6, 24.

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