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Article

Bactericidal Activity of Larrea tridentata Hydroalcoholic Extract against Phytopathogenic Bacteria

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Área Académica de Ciencias Agrícolas y Forestales, Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Rancho Universitario Av. Universidad km 1, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, EX-Hda de Aquetzalpa, Tulancingo, Hidalgo 43600, Mexico
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Área Académica de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, Instituto de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Rancho Universitario Av. Universidad km 1, Universidad Autónoma del Estado de Hidalgo, EX-Hda de Aquetzalpa, Tulancingo, Hidalgo 43600, Mexico
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Programa Educativo de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia, División Ciencias de la Vida, Universidad de Guanajuato, Ex Hacienda El Copal km. 9, carretera Irapuato-Silao, A.P. 311, Irapuato 36500, Guanajuato, Mexico
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Department of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, Assiut University, Assiut 71515, Egypt
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Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Damanhour University, Damanhour 22511, Egypt
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Mukesh Dubey
Agronomy 2021, 11(5), 957; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050957
Received: 15 April 2021 / Revised: 5 May 2021 / Accepted: 10 May 2021 / Published: 12 May 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biological Control of Plant Disease)
Due to the emergence of bacterial resistance in phytopathogenic microorganisms, it is necessary to search for new treatment alternatives for these pathogens. Natural extracts are a potential source of bioactive compounds that can act against such bacterial strains. The antibacterial activity of Larrea tridentata against bacteria with public health importance has been documented; however, few reports cover pathogens associated with the agricultural sector. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the antibacterial activity of Larrea tridentata hydroalcoholic extract (LTHE) and fractions against phytopathogenic bacteria. LTHE was obtained by the maceration technique and then subjected to bipartition using solvents of different polarities. Clavibacter michiganensis sbsp. michiganensis, Pseudomonas syringae, and Xanthomonas campestris strains were used, and their antibiotic sensitivity was determined. The minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC) of LTHE and its fractions (aqueous: LTAq-F; organic: LTEtOAc-F) were determined. LTHE and its organic fraction showed bactericidal activity against the three bacteria, showing better activity against X. campestris, exhibiting an MIC of 0.39 mg/mL and an MBC of 0.78 mg/mL. The results show that LTHE and its organic fraction have bactericidal activity in vitro against Clavibacter michiganensis sbsp. michiganensis, Pseudomonas syringae, and Xanthomonas campestris. View Full-Text
Keywords: Larrea tridentata; hydroalcoholic extract; organic fraction; bactericidal activity; phytopathogenic bacteria Larrea tridentata; hydroalcoholic extract; organic fraction; bactericidal activity; phytopathogenic bacteria
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MDPI and ACS Style

Morales-Ubaldo, A.L.; Rivero-Perez, N.; Avila-Ramos, F.; Aquino-Torres, E.; Prieto-Méndez, J.; Hetta, H.F.; El-Saber Batiha, G.; Zaragoza-Bastida, A. Bactericidal Activity of Larrea tridentata Hydroalcoholic Extract against Phytopathogenic Bacteria. Agronomy 2021, 11, 957. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050957

AMA Style

Morales-Ubaldo AL, Rivero-Perez N, Avila-Ramos F, Aquino-Torres E, Prieto-Méndez J, Hetta HF, El-Saber Batiha G, Zaragoza-Bastida A. Bactericidal Activity of Larrea tridentata Hydroalcoholic Extract against Phytopathogenic Bacteria. Agronomy. 2021; 11(5):957. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050957

Chicago/Turabian Style

Morales-Ubaldo, Ana L., Nallely Rivero-Perez, Fidel Avila-Ramos, Eliazar Aquino-Torres, Judith Prieto-Méndez, Helal F. Hetta, Gaber El-Saber Batiha, and Adrian Zaragoza-Bastida. 2021. "Bactericidal Activity of Larrea tridentata Hydroalcoholic Extract against Phytopathogenic Bacteria" Agronomy 11, no. 5: 957. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11050957

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