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Article

Phenotypic, Genetic, and Epigenetic Variation among Diverse Sweet Cherry Gene Pools

1
Laboratory of Forest Genetics and Biotechnology, Institute of Mediterranean Forest Ecosystems, Athens, ELGO-DEMETER, Terma Alkmanos, Ilisia, 11528 Athens, Greece
2
Department of Computer Science, School of Sciences and Engineering, University of Nicosia, Nicosia 2417, Cyprus
3
Institute of Plant Breeding and Genetic Resources, ELGO-DEMETER, Thermi, 570001 Thessaloniki, Greece
4
Laboratory of Pomology, Department of Agriculture, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
5
Perrotis College, American Farm School, GR-57001 Thessaloniki, Greece
6
Max Planck Institute for Plant Breeding Research, Department of Comparative Development and Genetics, Carl-von-Linné-Weg 10, 50829 Cologne, Germany
7
Laboratory of Forest Genetics & Tree Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Forestry & Environmental Science, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54124 Thessaloniki, Greece
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Samir C. Debnath
Agronomy 2021, 11(4), 680; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11040680
Received: 26 February 2021 / Revised: 19 March 2021 / Accepted: 31 March 2021 / Published: 2 April 2021
Sweet cherry germplasm contains a high variety of phenotypes which are associated with fruit size and shape as well as sugar content, etc. High phenotypic variation can be a result of genetic or epigenetic diversity that may interact through time. Recent studies have provided evidence that besides allelic variation, epiallelic variation can establish new heritable phenotypes. Herein we conducted a genetic and an epigenetic study (using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) and methylation-sensitive amplified polymorphism (MSAP) markers, respectively), accompanied by phenotypic traits correlation analysis in sweet cherry gene pools. The mean genetic diversity was greater than the epigenetic diversity (hgen = 0.193; hepi = 0.185), while no significant relationship was found between genetic and epigenetic distance according to a Mantel test. Furthermore, according to correlation analyses our results provided evidence that epigenetic diversity in predefined populations of sweet cherry had a stronger impact on phenotypic traits than their rich genetic diversity. View Full-Text
Keywords: Prunus avium L.; sweet cherry; AFLP; MSAP; phenotypic diversity Prunus avium L.; sweet cherry; AFLP; MSAP; phenotypic diversity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Avramidou, E.V.; Moysiadis, T.; Ganopoulos, I.; Michailidis, M.; Kissoudis, C.; Valasiadis, D.; Kazantzis, K.; Tsaroucha, E.; Tsaftaris, A.; Molassiotis, A.; Aravanopoulos, F.A.; Xanthopoulou, A. Phenotypic, Genetic, and Epigenetic Variation among Diverse Sweet Cherry Gene Pools. Agronomy 2021, 11, 680. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11040680

AMA Style

Avramidou EV, Moysiadis T, Ganopoulos I, Michailidis M, Kissoudis C, Valasiadis D, Kazantzis K, Tsaroucha E, Tsaftaris A, Molassiotis A, Aravanopoulos FA, Xanthopoulou A. Phenotypic, Genetic, and Epigenetic Variation among Diverse Sweet Cherry Gene Pools. Agronomy. 2021; 11(4):680. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11040680

Chicago/Turabian Style

Avramidou, Evangelia V., Theodoros Moysiadis, Ioannis Ganopoulos, Michail Michailidis, Christos Kissoudis, Dimitrios Valasiadis, Konstantinos Kazantzis, Eirini Tsaroucha, Athanasios Tsaftaris, Athanassios Molassiotis, Filippos A. Aravanopoulos, and Aliki Xanthopoulou. 2021. "Phenotypic, Genetic, and Epigenetic Variation among Diverse Sweet Cherry Gene Pools" Agronomy 11, no. 4: 680. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11040680

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