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Article

Repeated Manure Application for Eleven Years Stimulates Enzymatic Activities and Improves Soil Attributes in a Typic Hapludalf

1
Academic Coordination, Federal University of Santa Maria, Cachoeira do Sul 96506-322, RS, Brazil
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Department of Soil Science, Federal University of Santa Maria, Santa Maria 97105-900, RS, Brazil
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UWA School of Agriculture and Environment, The University of Western Australia, Perth 6009, Australia
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Department of Microbiology, Immunology and Parasitology, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis 88040-900, SC, Brazil
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Post-Graduate of Soil Science, Federal University of Paraná, Curitiba 80035-050, PR, Brazil
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Department of Rural Engineering, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis 88034-000, SC, Brazil
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Claudio Ciavatta
Agronomy 2021, 11(12), 2467; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11122467
Received: 2 November 2021 / Revised: 24 November 2021 / Accepted: 26 November 2021 / Published: 3 December 2021
Animal manure may be a valuable resource for the development of agricultural sustainability. We proposed to verify the feasibility of applications of three types of animal manures to improve soil attributes and to sustain crop yields under intensive cropping and no-tillage systems. The field experiment was established in 2004 on Typic Hapludalf soil with pig slurry (PS), cattle slurry (CS), pig deep-litter (PL), mineral fertilizer (MF) and a non-fertilized treatment. From 2004 to 2015, were grown black oat, maize, forage turnip, black beans, and wheat. Soil samples were taken after winter 2014 and summer 2015, and submitted to chemical, physical, microbiological and biochemical analyses. Animal manures increased soil pH, but MF caused acidification of soil. The PL and CS applications reduced soil density, and increased total pore volume and hydraulic conductivity. Animal manures increased soil P fractions, total organic carbon, total nitrogen, stimulated soil respiration, and had higher activities of glucosidase and acid phosphatase. Wheat had its biggest dry matter and grain yields with MF, but maize grain yields with CS were higher than MF. All indicators pointed that application of animal manure converges to an interesting strategy to recycle nutrients at farmyard level and to contribute to global sustainability. View Full-Text
Keywords: acid phosphatase; glucosidase; microbial phosphorus stock; maize; wheat; grain yield acid phosphatase; glucosidase; microbial phosphorus stock; maize; wheat; grain yield
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MDPI and ACS Style

Ferreira, P.A.A.; Coronas, M.V.; Dantas, M.K.L.; Somavilla, A.; Brunetto, G.; Ceretta, C.A.; Giacomini, S.J.; Gubiani, P.I.; Boitt, G.; Soares, C.R.F.S.; Kaschuk, G.; Bordallo, S.U.; Lourenzi, C.R. Repeated Manure Application for Eleven Years Stimulates Enzymatic Activities and Improves Soil Attributes in a Typic Hapludalf. Agronomy 2021, 11, 2467. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11122467

AMA Style

Ferreira PAA, Coronas MV, Dantas MKL, Somavilla A, Brunetto G, Ceretta CA, Giacomini SJ, Gubiani PI, Boitt G, Soares CRFS, Kaschuk G, Bordallo SU, Lourenzi CR. Repeated Manure Application for Eleven Years Stimulates Enzymatic Activities and Improves Soil Attributes in a Typic Hapludalf. Agronomy. 2021; 11(12):2467. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11122467

Chicago/Turabian Style

Ferreira, Paulo A.A., Mariana V. Coronas, Max K.L. Dantas, André Somavilla, Gustavo Brunetto, Carlos A. Ceretta, Sandro J. Giacomini, Paulo I. Gubiani, Gustavo Boitt, Claudio R.F.S. Soares, Glaciela Kaschuk, Samya U. Bordallo, and Cledimar R. Lourenzi. 2021. "Repeated Manure Application for Eleven Years Stimulates Enzymatic Activities and Improves Soil Attributes in a Typic Hapludalf" Agronomy 11, no. 12: 2467. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy11122467

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