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Article

Waxy Gene-Orthologs in Wheat × Thinopyrum Amphidiploids

1
National Medical Research Center for Therapy and Preventive Medicine, Ministry of Healthcare of The Russian Federation, Petrovergskiy Lane, 10, 101990 Moscow, Russia
2
Laboratory of Applied Genomics and Crop Breeding, All-Russia Research Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Timiryazevskaya Street, 42, 127550 Moscow, Russia
3
Kurchatov Genomics Center of ARRIAB, All-Russia Research Institute of Agricultural Biotechnology, Timiryazevskaya Street, 42, 127550 Moscow, Russia
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Agronomy 2020, 10(7), 963; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070963
Received: 30 April 2020 / Revised: 20 June 2020 / Accepted: 2 July 2020 / Published: 3 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Section Crop Breeding and Genetics)
Starch, as the main component of grain in cereals, serves as the major source of calories in staple food and as a raw material for industry. As the technological and digestive properties of starch depend on its content, the management of its components, amylose and amylopectin, is of great importance. The starch properties of wheat grain can be attuned using allelic variations of genes, including granule-bound starch synthase I (GBSS I), or Wx. The tertiary gene pool, including wheatgrass (Thinopyrum) species, provides a wide spectrum of genes-orthologs that can be used to increase the allelic diversity of wheat genes by wide hybridization. Octaploid partial wheat–wheatgrass hybrids (amphidiploids, WWGHs) combine the complete genome of bread wheat (BBAADD), and a mixed genome from the chromosomes of intermediate wheatgrass (Thinopyrum intermedium, genomic composition JrJrJvsJvsStSt) and tall wheatgrass (Th. ponticum, JJJJJJJsJsJsJs). Thus, WWGHs may carry Wx genes not only of wheat (Wx-B1, Wx-A1 and Wx-D1) but also of wheatgrass origin. We aimed to assess the level of amylose in starch and investigate the polymorphism of Wx genes in 12 accessions of WWGHs. Additionally, we characterized orthologous Wx genes in the genomes of wild wheat-related species involved in the development of the studied WWGHs, Th. intermedium and Th. ponticum, as well as in the putative donors of their subgenomes, bessarabian wheatgrass (Th. bessarabicum, JbJb) and bluebunch wheatgrass (Pseudoroegneria stipifolia, St1St1St2St2). Although no significant differences in amylose content were found between different WWGH accessions, SDS-PAGE demonstrated that at least two WWGHs have an additional band. We sequenced the Wx gene-orthologs in Th. bessarabicum, P. stipifolia, Th. intermedium and Th. ponticum, and developed a WXTH marker that can discriminate the Thinopyrum Wx gene in the wheat background, and localized it to the 7E chromosome in Th. elongatum. Using the WXTH marker we revealed the allelic polymorphism of the Thinopyrum Wx gene in the studied WWGHs. The applicability of Thinopyrum Wx genes in wheat breeding and their effect on starch quality are discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: Wx gene; granule-bound starch synthase I; starch; amylose content; wide hybridization; wheatgrass; marker assisted breeding Wx gene; granule-bound starch synthase I; starch; amylose content; wide hybridization; wheatgrass; marker assisted breeding
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MDPI and ACS Style

Klimushina, M.V.; Kroupin, P.Y.; Bazhenov, M.S.; Karlov, G.I.; Divashuk, M.G. Waxy Gene-Orthologs in Wheat × Thinopyrum Amphidiploids. Agronomy 2020, 10, 963. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070963

AMA Style

Klimushina MV, Kroupin PY, Bazhenov MS, Karlov GI, Divashuk MG. Waxy Gene-Orthologs in Wheat × Thinopyrum Amphidiploids. Agronomy. 2020; 10(7):963. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070963

Chicago/Turabian Style

Klimushina, Marina V., Pavel Y. Kroupin, Mikhail S. Bazhenov, Gennady I. Karlov, and Mikhail G. Divashuk. 2020. "Waxy Gene-Orthologs in Wheat × Thinopyrum Amphidiploids" Agronomy 10, no. 7: 963. https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10070963

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