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Open AccessArticle

Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Associated with Rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Ghana: Effect of Regional Locations and Soil Factors on Diversity and Community Assembly

1
United Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Saiwaicho 3-5-8, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan
2
Institute of Agriculture, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Saiwaicho 3-5-8, Fuchu, Tokyo 183-8509, Japan
3
Graduate School of Bio-Applications and Systems Engineering, Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology, Nakacho 2-24-16, Koganei, Tokyo 184-8588, Japan
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Institute of Agriculture and Horticulture, Faculty of Life Science, Humboldt-University of Berlin, Albrecht-Thaer-Weg 5, 14195 Berlin, Germany
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Leibniz Centre for Agricultural Landscape Research, Institute of Land Use Systems, Eberswalder Str. 84, 15374 Müencheberg, Germany
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CSIR-Savanna Agricultural Research Institute, P.O. Box 52 Tamale, Ghana
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CSIR-Crops Research Institute, P.O. Box 3785 Kumasi, Ghana
8
Department of Soil Science, University of Ghana, Legon, P.O. Box LG 245 Accra, Ghana
9
Department of Plant Pathology, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh 2202, Bangladesh
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2020, 10(4), 559; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10040559
Received: 20 February 2020 / Revised: 26 March 2020 / Accepted: 9 April 2020 / Published: 12 April 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Drivers of Microbial Diversity and Roles in Agroecosystems)
Understanding the community composition and diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) in an agricultural ecosystem is important for exploiting their potential in sustainable crop production. In this study, we described the genetic diversity and community structure of indigenous AMF in rain-fed rice cultivars across six different regions in Ghana. The morphological and molecular analyses revealed a total of 15 different AMF genera isolated from rice roots. Rhizophagus and Glomus were observed to be predominant in all regions except the Ashanti region, which was dominated by the genera Scutellospora and Acaulospora. A comparison of AMF diversity among the agroecological zones revealed that Guinea Savannah had the highest diversity. Permutational Multivariate Analysis of Variance (PERMANOVA) analysis indicated that the available phosphorus (AP) in the soil was the principal determining factor for shaping the AMF community structure (p < 0.05). We report, for the first time, AMF diversity and community structure in rice roots and how communities are affected by the chemical properties of soil from different locations in Ghana. View Full-Text
Keywords: arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; community composition; agroecological zones; phosphorus; rice cultivar; denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis; Illumina MiSeq sequencing arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi; community composition; agroecological zones; phosphorus; rice cultivar; denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis; Illumina MiSeq sequencing
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sarkodee-Addo, E.; Yasuda, M.; Gyu Lee, C.; Kanasugi, M.; Fujii, Y.; Ansong Omari, R.; Oppong Abebrese, S.; Bam, R.; Asuming-Brempong, S.; Mohammad Golam Dastogeer, K.; Okazaki, S. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi Associated with Rice (Oryza sativa L.) in Ghana: Effect of Regional Locations and Soil Factors on Diversity and Community Assembly. Agronomy 2020, 10, 559.

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