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Open AccessArticle

Farmers’ Preferences for Genetic Resources of Kersting’s Groundnut [Macrotyloma geocarpum (Harms) Maréchal and Baudet] in the Production Systems of Burkina Faso and Ghana

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Laboratory of Genetics, Horticulture and Seed Science, Faculty of Agronomic Sciences, University of Abomey-Calavi, 01 BP 526 Abomey-Calavi, Republic of Benin
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Laboratory of Biosciences, Faculty of Earth and Life Science, University of Ouaga I Pr. Joseph Ki-Zerbo, 03 BP 7021 Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Agronomy 2020, 10(3), 371; https://doi.org/10.3390/agronomy10030371
Received: 19 February 2020 / Revised: 2 March 2020 / Accepted: 4 March 2020 / Published: 8 March 2020
Pulses play important roles in providing proteins and essential amino-acids, and contribute to soils’ nutrients cycling in most smallholder farming systems in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). These crops can be promoted to meet food and nutrition security goals in low-income countries. Here, we investigated the status of Kersting’s groundnut (Macrotyloma geocarpum, Fabaceae), a neglected pulse in West Africa. We explored its diversity, the production systems, the production constraints and farmers’ preferences in Burkina Faso and Ghana. Focus groups and semi-structured interviews were conducted in 39 villages with 86 respondents grouped in five sociolinguistic groups. Our results indicated that Macrotyloma geocarpum was produced in three cultivation systems: in the first system, farmers grew Kersting’s groundnut in fields, mostly on mounds or on ridges; in the second system, farmers grew it as field border; and in the third system, no clear tillage practice was identified. The main constraints of those farming systems included: difficulty to harvest, the lack of manpower and the damage due to high soil humidity at the reproductive stage. A total of 62 samples were collected and clustered in six landraces based on seed coat colors including cream, white mottled with black eye, white mottled with greyed orange eye, black, brown mottled, and brown. All six groups were found in the southern-Sudanian zone whereas only white mottled with black eye and black colors were found in the northern-Sudanian zone. The white mottled with black eye landrace was commonly known and widely grown by farmers. Farmers’ preferences were, however, influenced by sociolinguistic membership and the most preferred traits included high yielding, drought tolerance, and resistance against beetles. These findings offer an avenue to develop a relevant breeding research agenda for promoting Kersting’s groundnut in Burkina Faso and Ghana. View Full-Text
Keywords: breeding; Macrotyloma geocarpum; farmers’ preferences; cropping systems; constraints; cultivar development; landraces; conservation; sociolinguistic groups breeding; Macrotyloma geocarpum; farmers’ preferences; cropping systems; constraints; cultivar development; landraces; conservation; sociolinguistic groups
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Coulibaly, M.; Agossou, C.O.; Akohoué, F.; Sawadogo, M.; Achigan-Dako, E.G. Farmers’ Preferences for Genetic Resources of Kersting’s Groundnut [Macrotyloma geocarpum (Harms) Maréchal and Baudet] in the Production Systems of Burkina Faso and Ghana. Agronomy 2020, 10, 371.

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