Next Article in Journal
Synthesis and Characterization of Polystyrene-Supported Piperazine-Substituted Triazoles by CuAAC and First Evaluation for Metal Ion Extraction
Next Article in Special Issue
Differentiation of Dental Pulp Stem Cells on Gutta-Percha Scaffolds
Previous Article in Journal
Light and Temperature as Dual Stimuli Lead to Self-Assembly of Hyperbranched Azobenzene-Terminated Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide)
Previous Article in Special Issue
Polyurethane/Polylactide-Blend Films Doped with Zinc Ions for the Growth and Expansion of Human Olfactory Ensheathing Cells (OECs) and Adipose-Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Stem Cells (ASCs) for Regenerative Medicine Applications
Article Menu

Export Article

Open AccessReview
Polymers 2016, 8(5), 185;

Electro-Active Polymers (EAPs): A Promising Route to Design Bio-Organic/Bioinspired Platforms with on Demand Functionalities

Institute of Polymers, Composites and Biomaterials, Department of Chemical Sciences and Materials Technologies, National Research Council of Italy, V.le Kennedy 54, 80125 Naples, Italy
Theses authors contributed equal to this work.
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Jianxun Ding and Carsten Werner
Received: 22 March 2016 / Revised: 19 April 2016 / Accepted: 4 May 2016 / Published: 9 May 2016
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Functional Polymers for Medical Applications)
Full-Text   |   PDF [3486 KB, uploaded 9 May 2016]   |  


Through recent discoveries and new knowledge among correlations between molecular biology and materials science, it is a growing interest to design new biomaterials able to interact—i.e., to influence, to guide or to detect—with cells and their surrounding microenvironments, in order to better control biological phenomena. In this context, electro-active polymers (EAPs) are showing great promise as biomaterials acting as an interface between electronics and biology. This is ascribable to the highly tunability of chemical/physical properties which confer them different conductive properties for various applicative uses (i.e., molecular targeting, biosensors, biocompatible scaffolds). This review article is divided into three parts: the first one is an overview on EAPs to introduce basic conductivity mechanisms and their classification. The second one is focused on the description of most common processes used to manipulate EAPs in the form of two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) materials. The last part addresses their use in current applications in different biomedical research areas including tissue engineering, biosensors and molecular delivery. View Full-Text
Keywords: conductive polymers; scaffolds; biosensors; molecular release conductive polymers; scaffolds; biosensors; molecular release

Figure 1

This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

Share & Cite This Article

MDPI and ACS Style

Guarino, V.; Zuppolini, S.; Borriello, A.; Ambrosio, L. Electro-Active Polymers (EAPs): A Promising Route to Design Bio-Organic/Bioinspired Platforms with on Demand Functionalities. Polymers 2016, 8, 185.

Show more citation formats Show less citations formats

Note that from the first issue of 2016, MDPI journals use article numbers instead of page numbers. See further details here.

Related Articles

Article Metrics

Article Access Statistics



[Return to top]
Polymers EISSN 2073-4360 Published by MDPI AG, Basel, Switzerland RSS E-Mail Table of Contents Alert
Back to Top