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Open AccessReview

Poriferan Chitin as a Versatile Template for Extreme Biomimetics

1
Institute of Chemical Technology and Engineering, Faculty of Chemical Technology, Poznań University of Technology, Berdychowo 4, 60965 Poznań, Poland
2
Institute of Experimental Physics, Technische Universitӓt Bergakademie Freiberg, Leipziger str. 23,09596 Freiberg, Germany
3
Center for Material Genomics, Department of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science, Duke University, 27708 Durham, NC, USA
4
Department of Commodity and Material Sciences and Textile Metrology, Lodz University of Technology, Żeromskiego 116, 90924 Lódź, Poland
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors contributed equally to this work.
Academic Editor: Kjell M. Vårum
Polymers 2015, 7(2), 235-265; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym7020235
Received: 6 November 2014 / Accepted: 3 February 2015 / Published: 9 February 2015
(This article belongs to the Collection Polysaccharides)
In this mini-review, we shall first cover a short history of the discovery of chitin isolated from sponges; as well as its evolutionarily ancient roots. Next, we will delve into the unique structural, mechanical, and thermal properties of this naturally occurring polymer to illuminate how its physicochemical properties may find uses in diverse areas of the material sciences. We show how the unique properties and morphology of sponge chitin renders it quite useful for the new route of “Extreme Biomimetics”; where high temperatures and pressures allow a range of interesting bioinorganic composite materials to be made. These new biomaterials have electrical, chemical, and material properties that have applications in water filtration, medicine, catalysis, and biosensing. View Full-Text
Keywords: chitin; sponges; extreme biomimetics; hydrothermal synthesis; scaffolds chitin; sponges; extreme biomimetics; hydrothermal synthesis; scaffolds
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Wysokowski, M.; Petrenko, I.; Stelling, A.L.; Stawski, D.; Jesionowski, T.; Ehrlich, H. Poriferan Chitin as a Versatile Template for Extreme Biomimetics. Polymers 2015, 7, 235-265.

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