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Review

Biopackaging Potential Alternatives: Bioplastic Composites of Polyhydroxyalkanoates and Vegetal Fibers

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Tecnologico de Monterrey, Escuela de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Carretera Lago de Guadalupe 3.5, Colonia Margarita Maza de Juárez, Atizapán de Zaragoza 52926, Mexico
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Cuerpo Académico de Biotecnología Agroalimentaria (CABA), Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (ICAp), Autonomous University of Hidalgo State (UAEH), Av. Universidad Km. 1, Ex-Hda. De Aquetzalpa AP 32, Tulancingo de Bravo 43600, Mexico
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Tecnologico de Monterrey, Escuela de Ingeniería y Ciencias, Eduardo Monroy Cardenas 2000, San Antonio Buenavista, Toluca de Lerdo 50110, Mexico
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editors: Andrzej Puszka and Beata Podkościelna
Polymers 2022, 14(6), 1114; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14061114
Received: 24 January 2022 / Revised: 28 February 2022 / Accepted: 7 March 2022 / Published: 10 March 2022
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Synthesis, Processing, Structure and Properties of Polymer Materials)
Initiatives to reduce plastic waste are currently under development worldwide. As a part of it, the European Union and private and public organizations in several countries are designing and implementing regulations for single-use plastics. For example, by 2030, plastic packaging and food containers must be reusable or recyclable. In another approach, researchers are developing biopolymers using biodegradable thermoplastics, such as polyhydroxyalkanoates (PHAs), to replace fossil derivatives. However, their production capacity, high production costs, and poor mechanical properties hinder the usability of these biopolymers. To overcome these limitations, biomaterials reinforced with natural fibers are acquiring more relevance as the world of bioplastics production is increasing. This review presents an overview of PHA–vegetal fiber composites, the effects of the fiber type, and the production method’s impact on the mechanical, thermal, barrier properties, and biodegradability, all relevant for biopackaging. To acknowledge the behaviors and trends of the biomaterials reinforcement field, we searched for granted patents focusing on bio-packaging applications and gained insight into current industry developments and contributions. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyhydroxyalkanoates; fibers; mechanical properties; biodegradability; packaging; patents polyhydroxyalkanoates; fibers; mechanical properties; biodegradability; packaging; patents
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MDPI and ACS Style

Gómez-Gast, N.; López Cuellar, M.D.R.; Vergara-Porras, B.; Vieyra, H. Biopackaging Potential Alternatives: Bioplastic Composites of Polyhydroxyalkanoates and Vegetal Fibers. Polymers 2022, 14, 1114. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14061114

AMA Style

Gómez-Gast N, López Cuellar MDR, Vergara-Porras B, Vieyra H. Biopackaging Potential Alternatives: Bioplastic Composites of Polyhydroxyalkanoates and Vegetal Fibers. Polymers. 2022; 14(6):1114. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14061114

Chicago/Turabian Style

Gómez-Gast, Natalia, Ma D.R. López Cuellar, Berenice Vergara-Porras, and Horacio Vieyra. 2022. "Biopackaging Potential Alternatives: Bioplastic Composites of Polyhydroxyalkanoates and Vegetal Fibers" Polymers 14, no. 6: 1114. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym14061114

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