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Open AccessArticle

Experimental Study on the Thermoplastic Dripping and Flame Spread Behaviors of Energized Electrical Wire under Reduced Atmospheric Pressure

1
College of Quality and Safety Engineering, China Jiliang University, Hangzhou 310018, China
2
State Key Laboratory of Fire Science, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026, China
3
Civil and Infrastructure Engineering Discipline, School of Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne 3004, Australia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2021, 13(3), 346; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13030346
Received: 9 December 2020 / Revised: 6 January 2021 / Accepted: 8 January 2021 / Published: 22 January 2021
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Performance and Application of Novel Biocomposites II)
Flame spread over wire surface is different from other solid fires as it is usually accompanied by melting and dripping processes. Although the related behaviors at reduced pressure (20–100 kPa) are significant to those fire risk evaluations, very few studies have been undertaken on this matter. Therefore, the thermoplastic dripping and flame spread behaviors of energized polyethylene insulated copper wires were investigated experimentally at reduced pressure. It was known from experimental results that the dripping frequency increases, showing a relatively smooth (linear) and rapid (power) increasing trends under high and low electrical currents, respectively. A short-period flame disappearance was observed during the dripping process, which is unique for the energized wire at reduced pressure. The bright flame can disappear for several seconds and then show again after the dripping. While at 20 kPa or lower, the wire flame would turn to a completed extinguishment after the dripping. A critical dripping point was proposed to show the minimal required electrical current to sustain the flame spearing. The critical current changes smoothly during 100–80 kPa and decreases rapidly at 80–60 kPa. Additionally, the dripping phenomenon can stop or delay the flame spread, partly because of the short-term flame disappearance. View Full-Text
Keywords: dripping behavior; molten thermoplastic; reduced pressure; energized wires; flame extinction dripping behavior; molten thermoplastic; reduced pressure; energized wires; flame extinction
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MDPI and ACS Style

He, H.; Zhang, Q.; Shi, L.; Li, H.; Huang, D.; Zhang, Y. Experimental Study on the Thermoplastic Dripping and Flame Spread Behaviors of Energized Electrical Wire under Reduced Atmospheric Pressure. Polymers 2021, 13, 346. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13030346

AMA Style

He H, Zhang Q, Shi L, Li H, Huang D, Zhang Y. Experimental Study on the Thermoplastic Dripping and Flame Spread Behaviors of Energized Electrical Wire under Reduced Atmospheric Pressure. Polymers. 2021; 13(3):346. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13030346

Chicago/Turabian Style

He, Hao; Zhang, Qixing; Shi, Long; Li, Haihang; Huang, Dongmei; Zhang, Yongming. 2021. "Experimental Study on the Thermoplastic Dripping and Flame Spread Behaviors of Energized Electrical Wire under Reduced Atmospheric Pressure" Polymers 13, no. 3: 346. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13030346

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