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Article

PVDF Fibers Modification by Nitrate Salts Doping

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Academy of Sciences ČR, Institute of Physics of Materials, Žižkova 22, 616 62 Brno, Czech Republic
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Department of Physics, Faculty of Electrical Engineering and Communication, Brno University of Technology, Technická 2848/8, 616 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Department of Inorganic Chemistry and Chemical Ecology, Dagestan State University, St. M. Gadjieva 43-a, 367015 Makhachkala, Russia
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Central European Institute of Technology BUT, Purkyňova 123, 612 00 Brno, Czech Republic
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Department of Ceramics and Polymers, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Brno University of Technology, Technická 2, 616 69 Brno, Czech Republic
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Institute of Scientific Instruments of the Czech Academy of Sciences, Královopolská 147, 612 64 Brno, Czech Republic
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Academic Editor: Francisco Javier Espinach Orús
Polymers 2021, 13(15), 2439; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13152439
Received: 30 June 2021 / Revised: 21 July 2021 / Accepted: 21 July 2021 / Published: 24 July 2021
(This article belongs to the Section Polymer Fibers)
The method of inclusion of various additives into a polymer depends highly on the material in question and the desired effect. In the case of this paper, nitride salts were introduced into polyvinylidene fluoride fibers prepared by electrospinning. The resulting changes in the structural, chemical and electrical properties of the samples were observed and compared using SEM-EDX, DSC, XPS, FTIR, Raman spectroscopy and electrical measurements. The observed results displayed a grouping of parameters by electronegativity and possibly the molecular mass of the additive salts. We virtually demonstrated elimination of the presence of the γ-phase by addition of Mg(NO3)2, Ca(NO3)2, and Zn(NO3)2 salts. The trend of electrical properties to follow the electronegativity of the nitrate salt cation is demonstrated. The performed measurements of nitrate salt inclusions into PVDF offer a new insight into effects of previously unstudied structures of PVDF composites, opening new potential possibilities of crystalline phase control of the composite and use in further research and component design. View Full-Text
Keywords: PVDF; nitrate salt; XPS; XRD; Raman spectroscopy; FTIR; EDX; permittivity PVDF; nitrate salt; XPS; XRD; Raman spectroscopy; FTIR; EDX; permittivity
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MDPI and ACS Style

Sobola, D.; Kaspar, P.; Částková, K.; Dallaev, R.; Papež, N.; Sedlák, P.; Trčka, T.; Orudzhev, F.; Kaštyl, J.; Weiser, A.; Knápek, A.; Holcman, V. PVDF Fibers Modification by Nitrate Salts Doping. Polymers 2021, 13, 2439. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13152439

AMA Style

Sobola D, Kaspar P, Částková K, Dallaev R, Papež N, Sedlák P, Trčka T, Orudzhev F, Kaštyl J, Weiser A, Knápek A, Holcman V. PVDF Fibers Modification by Nitrate Salts Doping. Polymers. 2021; 13(15):2439. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13152439

Chicago/Turabian Style

Sobola, Dinara, Pavel Kaspar, Klára Částková, Rashid Dallaev, Nikola Papež, Petr Sedlák, Tomáš Trčka, Farid Orudzhev, Jaroslav Kaštyl, Adam Weiser, Alexandr Knápek, and Vladimír Holcman. 2021. "PVDF Fibers Modification by Nitrate Salts Doping" Polymers 13, no. 15: 2439. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym13152439

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