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Open AccessReview

Layer-By-Layer Assemblies of Biopolymers: Build-Up, Mechanical Stability and Molecular Dynamics

1
School of Science and Technology, Nottingham Trent University, Clifton Lane, Nottingham NG11 8NS, UK
2
Fraunhofer Institute for Cell Therapy and Immunology, Branch Bioanalytics and Bioprocesses, Am Mühlenberg 13, 14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(9), 1949; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12091949
Received: 29 July 2020 / Revised: 21 August 2020 / Accepted: 24 August 2020 / Published: 28 August 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Biopolymers for Tissue Engineering)
Rapid development of versatile layer-by-layer technology has resulted in important breakthroughs in the understanding of the nature of molecular interactions in multilayer assemblies made of polyelectrolytes. Nowadays, polyelectrolyte multilayers (PEM) are considered to be non-equilibrium and highly dynamic structures. High interest in biomedical applications of PEMs has attracted attention to PEMs made of biopolymers. Recent studies suggest that biopolymer dynamics determines the fate and the properties of such PEMs; however, deciphering, predicting and controlling the dynamics of polymers remains a challenge. This review brings together the up-to-date knowledge of the role of molecular dynamics in multilayers assembled from biopolymers. We discuss how molecular dynamics determines the properties of these PEMs from the nano to the macro scale, focusing on its role in PEM formation and non-enzymatic degradation. We summarize the factors allowing the control of molecular dynamics within PEMs, and therefore to tailor polymer multilayers on demand. View Full-Text
Keywords: polyelectrolyte multilayers; thin films; diffusion; film growth; degradation polyelectrolyte multilayers; thin films; diffusion; film growth; degradation
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MDPI and ACS Style

Campbell, J.; Vikulina, A.S. Layer-By-Layer Assemblies of Biopolymers: Build-Up, Mechanical Stability and Molecular Dynamics. Polymers 2020, 12, 1949. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12091949

AMA Style

Campbell J, Vikulina AS. Layer-By-Layer Assemblies of Biopolymers: Build-Up, Mechanical Stability and Molecular Dynamics. Polymers. 2020; 12(9):1949. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12091949

Chicago/Turabian Style

Campbell, Jack; Vikulina, Anna S. 2020. "Layer-By-Layer Assemblies of Biopolymers: Build-Up, Mechanical Stability and Molecular Dynamics" Polymers 12, no. 9: 1949. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12091949

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