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Review

Application of Synchrotron Radiation X-ray Scattering and Spectroscopy to Soft Matter

1
Institute for Materials Chemistry and Engineering, Kyushu University, 744 Motooka, Nishi-ku, Fukuoka 819-0395, Japan
2
Department of Integrated Science and Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, Oita University, 700 Dannoharu, Oita 870-1192, Japan
3
Department of Applied Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, and Graduate School of Engineering, Osaka Institute of Technology, 5-16-1, Asahi-ku, Osaka 535-8585, Japan
4
Department of Chemical Science and Engineering, Tokyo Institute of Technology, E4-5, 2-12-1, Ookayama, Meguro-ku, Tokyo 152-8552, Japan
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(7), 1624; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071624
Received: 17 June 2020 / Revised: 4 July 2020 / Accepted: 20 July 2020 / Published: 21 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Collection The Next Generation in Polymer Research)
Light produced by synchrotron radiation (SR) is much brighter than that produced by conventional laboratory X-ray sources. The photon energy of SR X-ray ranges from soft and tender X-rays to hard X-rays. Moreover, X-rays become element sensitive with decreasing photon energy. By using a wide energy range and high-quality light of SR, different scattering and spectroscopic methods were applied to various soft matters. We present five of our recent studies performed using specific light properties of a synchrotron facility, which are as follows: (1) In situ USAXS study to understand the deformation behavior of colloidal crystals during uniaxial stretching; (2) structure characterization of semiconducting polymer thin films along the film thickness direction by grazing-incidence wide-angle X-ray scattering using tender X-rays; (3) X-ray absorption fine structure (XAFS) analysis of the formation mechanism of poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT); (4) soft X-ray absorption and emission spectroscopic analysis of water structure in polyelectrolyte brushes; and (5) X-ray photon correlation spectroscopic analysis of the diffusion behavior of polystyrene-grafted nanoparticles dispersed in a polystyrene matrix. View Full-Text
Keywords: colloidal crystal; conductive polymer; polymer brush; water; diffusion colloidal crystal; conductive polymer; polymer brush; water; diffusion
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MDPI and ACS Style

Takahara, A.; Higaki, Y.; Hirai, T.; Ishige, R. Application of Synchrotron Radiation X-ray Scattering and Spectroscopy to Soft Matter. Polymers 2020, 12, 1624. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071624

AMA Style

Takahara A, Higaki Y, Hirai T, Ishige R. Application of Synchrotron Radiation X-ray Scattering and Spectroscopy to Soft Matter. Polymers. 2020; 12(7):1624. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071624

Chicago/Turabian Style

Takahara, Atsushi, Yuji Higaki, Tomoyasu Hirai, and Ryohei Ishige. 2020. "Application of Synchrotron Radiation X-ray Scattering and Spectroscopy to Soft Matter" Polymers 12, no. 7: 1624. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071624

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