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Article

Copolymerization of Ethylene and Vinyl Fluoride by Self-Assembled Multinuclear Palladium Catalysts

Department of Chemistry, The University of Chicago, 5735 South Ellis Avenue, Chicago, IL 60637, USA
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(7), 1609; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071609
Received: 10 June 2020 / Revised: 8 July 2020 / Accepted: 14 July 2020 / Published: 19 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Coordination Catalysis in Additive Polymerization)
The self-assembled multinuclear PdII complexes {(Li-OPOOMe2)PdMe(4-5-nonyl-pyridine)}4Li2Cl2 (C, Li-OPOOMe2 = PPh(2-SO3Li-4,5-(OMe)2-Ph)(2-SO3-4,5-(OMe)2-Me-Ph)), {(Zn-OP-P-SO)PdMe(L)}4 (D, L = pyridine or 4-tBu-pyridine, [OP-P-SO]3− = P(4-tBu-Ph)(2-PO32−-5-Me-Ph)(2-SO3-5-Me-Ph)), and {(Zn-OP-P-SO)PdMe(pyridine)}3 (E) copolymerize ethylene and vinyl fluoride (VF) to linear copolymers. VF is incorporated at levels of 0.1–2.5 mol% primarily as in-chain -CH2CHFCH2- units. The molecular weight distributions of the copolymers produced by D and E are generally narrower than for catalyst C, which suggests that the Zn-phosphonate cores of D and E are more stable than the Li-sulfonate-chloride core of C under copolymerization conditions. The ethylene/VF copolymerization activities of CE are over 100 times lower and the copolymer molecular weights (MWs) are reduced compared to the results for ethylene homopolymerization by these catalysts. View Full-Text
Keywords: multinuclear catalyst; vinyl fluoride; copolymerization; fluorinated polyethylene multinuclear catalyst; vinyl fluoride; copolymerization; fluorinated polyethylene
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MDPI and ACS Style

Liu, Q.; Jordan, R.F. Copolymerization of Ethylene and Vinyl Fluoride by Self-Assembled Multinuclear Palladium Catalysts. Polymers 2020, 12, 1609. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071609

AMA Style

Liu Q, Jordan RF. Copolymerization of Ethylene and Vinyl Fluoride by Self-Assembled Multinuclear Palladium Catalysts. Polymers. 2020; 12(7):1609. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071609

Chicago/Turabian Style

Liu, Qian, and Richard F. Jordan. 2020. "Copolymerization of Ethylene and Vinyl Fluoride by Self-Assembled Multinuclear Palladium Catalysts" Polymers 12, no. 7: 1609. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071609

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