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Review

A Review on the Flammability Properties of Carbon-Based Polymeric Composites: State-of-the-Art and Future Trends

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Center for Polymer Composites and Natural Fiber Research, Tamil Nadu 625005, India
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Department of Fibre and Polymer Technology, Polymeric Materials Division, School of Engineering Sciences in Chemistry, Biotechnology and Health, KTH Royal Institute of Technology, 100 44 Stockholm, Sweden
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School of Mechanical Engineering, Nanjing University of Science and Technology, Nanjing 210094, China
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Centre for Advanced Composite Materials, Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Auckland, Auckland 1142, New Zealand
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Department of Fire Protection and Rescue Control, National University of Public Service, H-1011 Budapest, Hungary
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Department of Materials and Polymer Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Hakim Sabzevari University, Sabzevar 9617976487, Iran
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Structural and Fire Engineering Division, Department of Civil, Environmental and Natural Resources Engineering, Luleå University of Technology, 97187 Luleå, Sweden
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Department of Engineering Sciences and Mathematics, Luleå University of Technology, 97187 Luleå, Sweden
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Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(7), 1518; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071518
Received: 26 April 2020 / Revised: 29 May 2020 / Accepted: 1 June 2020 / Published: 8 July 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Performance and Application of Novel Biocomposites)
Carbon based fillers have attracted a great deal of interest in polymer composites because of their ability to beneficially alter properties at low filler concentration, good interfacial bonding with polymer, availability in different forms, etc. The property alteration of polymer composites makes them versatile for applications in various fields, such as constructions, microelectronics, biomedical, and so on. Devastations due to building fire stress the importance of flame-retardant polymer composites, since they are directly related to human life conservation and safety. Thus, in this review, the significance of carbon-based flame-retardants for polymers is introduced. The effects of a wide variety of carbon-based material addition (such as fullerene, CNTs, graphene, graphite, and so on) on reaction-to-fire of the polymer composites are reviewed and the focus is dedicated to biochar-based reinforcements for use in flame retardant polymer composites. Additionally, the most widely used flammability measuring techniques for polymeric composites are presented. Finally, the key factors and different methods that are used for property enhancement are concluded and the scope for future work is discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: biochar; carbon fillers; nanocomposites; flame retardants; fire biochar; carbon fillers; nanocomposites; flame retardants; fire
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MDPI and ACS Style

Babu, K.; Rendén, G.; Afriyie Mensah, R.; Kim, N.K.; Jiang, L.; Xu, Q.; Restás, Á.; Esmaeely Neisiany, R.; Hedenqvist, M.S.; Försth, M.; Byström, A.; Das, O. A Review on the Flammability Properties of Carbon-Based Polymeric Composites: State-of-the-Art and Future Trends. Polymers 2020, 12, 1518. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071518

AMA Style

Babu K, Rendén G, Afriyie Mensah R, Kim NK, Jiang L, Xu Q, Restás Á, Esmaeely Neisiany R, Hedenqvist MS, Försth M, Byström A, Das O. A Review on the Flammability Properties of Carbon-Based Polymeric Composites: State-of-the-Art and Future Trends. Polymers. 2020; 12(7):1518. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071518

Chicago/Turabian Style

Babu, Karthik, Gabriella Rendén, Rhoda Afriyie Mensah, Nam K. Kim, Lin Jiang, Qiang Xu, Ágoston Restás, Rasoul Esmaeely Neisiany, Mikael S. Hedenqvist, Michael Försth, Alexandra Byström, and Oisik Das. 2020. "A Review on the Flammability Properties of Carbon-Based Polymeric Composites: State-of-the-Art and Future Trends" Polymers 12, no. 7: 1518. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071518

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