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Open AccessArticle

Anti-Bacterial and Anti-Fouling Capabilities of Poly(3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene) Derivative Nanohybrid Coatings on SUS316L Stainless Steel by Electrochemical Polymerization

1
Division of Cardiovascular Surgery, Department of Surgery, Taipei Medical University Hospital, Taipei Heart Institute, Taipei Medical University, Taipei 11031, Taiwan
2
Department of Materials Engineering, Ming Chi University of Technology, New Taipei City 24301, Taiwan
3
Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Taiwan Adventist Hospital, and School of Medicine, National Yang Ming University, Taipei 105, Taiwan
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(7), 1467; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12071467
Received: 30 May 2020 / Revised: 23 June 2020 / Accepted: 28 June 2020 / Published: 30 June 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Polymer Nanocomposites)
We have successfully fabricated poly(3,4-ethylenedioxythiophene) (PEDOT) derivative nanohybrid coatings on flexible SUS316L stainless steel by electrochemical polymerization, which can offer anti-fouling and anti-bacterial capabilities. PEDOT derivative nanohybrids were prepared from polystyrene sulfonates (PSS) and graphene oxide (GO) incorporated into a conducting polymer of PEDOT. Additionally, the negative charge of the PEDOT/GO substrate was further modified by poly-diallyldimethylammonium chloride (PDDA) to form a positively charged surface. These PEDOT derivative nanohybrid coatings could provide a straightforward means of controlling the surface energy, roughness, and charges with the addition of various derivatives in the electrochemical polymerization and electrostatically absorbed process. The characteristics of the PEDOT derivative nanohybrid coatings were evaluated by Raman spectroscopy, scanning electron microscopy (SEM), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), atomic force microscopy (AFM), water contact angle, and surface potential (zeta potential). The results show that PEDOT/PSS and PEDOT/GO nanohybrid coatings exhibit excellent anti-fouling capability. Only 0.1% of bacteria can be adhered on the surface due to the lower surface roughness and negative charge surface by PEDOT/PSS and PEDOT/GO modification. Furthermore, the anti-bacterial capability (7 mm of inhibition zone) was observed after adding PDDA on the PEDOT/GO substrates, suggesting that the positive charge of the PEDOT/GO/PDDA substrate can effectively kill bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus). Given their anti-fouling and anti-bacterial capabilities, PEDOT derivative nanohybrid coatings have the potential to be applied to biomedical devices such as cardiovascular stents and surgical apparatus. View Full-Text
Keywords: electrochemical polymerization; PEDOT; graphene oxide; anti-fouling capability; anti-bacterial capability electrochemical polymerization; PEDOT; graphene oxide; anti-fouling capability; anti-bacterial capability
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hsu, C.-C.; Cheng, Y.-W.; Liu, C.-C.; Peng, X.-Y.; Yung, M.-C.; Liu, T.-Y. Anti-Bacterial and Anti-Fouling Capabilities of Poly(3,4-Ethylenedioxythiophene) Derivative Nanohybrid Coatings on SUS316L Stainless Steel by Electrochemical Polymerization. Polymers 2020, 12, 1467.

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