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Open AccessArticle

Melt Rheological Behavior and Morphology of Poly(ethylene oxide)/Natural Rubber-graft-Poly(methyl methacrylate) Blends

Centre of Foundation Studies, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Selangor, Kampus Dengkil, Dengkil 43800, Selangor, Malaysia
TA Instruments Sdn. Bhd. D7-1-G Block D7 Pusat Perdagangan Dana 1, Jalan PJU 1A/46, Petaling Jaya 47301, Selangor, Malaysia
Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam 40450, Selangor, Malaysia
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(3), 724;
Received: 5 February 2020 / Revised: 18 March 2020 / Accepted: 20 March 2020 / Published: 24 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Advanced Polymeric Materials)
The influence of morphology on the rheological properties of poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) and natural rubber-graft-poly(methyl methacrylate) (NR-g-PMMA) blends in the melt was investigated. The blends were prepared at different blend compositions by a solution-casting method. Linear viscoelastic shear oscillations measurements were performed in order to determine the elastic and viscous properties of the blends in the melt. The rheological results suggested that the blending of the two constituents reduced the elasticity and viscosity of the blends. The addition of an even small amount of NR-g-PMMA to PEO changed the liquid-like behavior of PEO to more solid-like behavior. Morphological investigations were carried out by optical microscopy to establish the relationship between morphology and melt viscosity. Depending on the blend compositions and viscosities, either droplet–matrix or co-continuous morphologies was observed. PEO/NR-g-PMMA blends exhibited a broad co-continuity range, and phase inversion was suggested to occur at the PEO/NR-g-PMMA blend with a mass ratio of 60/40 (m/m), when NR-g-PMMA was added to PEO as a matrix. View Full-Text
Keywords: graft copolymer; elasticity; viscosity; droplet–matrix; co-continuous graft copolymer; elasticity; viscosity; droplet–matrix; co-continuous
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zainal, N.F.A.; Lai, S.A.; Chan, C.H. Melt Rheological Behavior and Morphology of Poly(ethylene oxide)/Natural Rubber-graft-Poly(methyl methacrylate) Blends. Polymers 2020, 12, 724.

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