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Open AccessArticle

Biodegradation Pattern of Glycopolymer Based on D-Mannose Oligomer and Hydroxypropyl Acrylate

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Faculty of Industrial Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, Politehnica University Timişoara, 6 Vasile Pȃrvan bvd., 300223 Timişoara, Romania
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Faculty of Civil Engineering, Politehnica University Timişoara, 2 Traian Lalescu Str, 300223 Timisoara, Romania
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
These authors have equal contribution.
Polymers 2020, 12(3), 704; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12030704
Received: 21 February 2020 / Revised: 16 March 2020 / Accepted: 18 March 2020 / Published: 22 March 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Glycopolymers and Polysaccharide-Based Copolymers)
Glycopolymers are polymers with sugar moieties which display biodegradable and/or biocompatible character. They have emerged as an environmentally-friendly solution to classical synthetic polymers and have attracted significant research interest in the past years. Herein, we present the synthesis of a D-mannose based glycopolymer with biodegradable features. The glycopolymer was synthesized by radical copolymerization between a D-mannose oligomer bearing polymerizable double bonds and 2-hydroxypropyl acrylate, in a weight ratio of 1:2. The copolymerization kinetics was investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and the activation energy of the process was comparatively assessed by Kissinger–Akahira–Sunose and Flynn–Wall–Ozawa methods. The obtained glycopolymer displayed good thermal behavior, fact proven by thermogravimetrical (TG) analysis and it was submitted to biodegradation inside a bioreactor fed with water from the Bega River as the source of microbial inoculum. The glycopolymer sample degraded by approximately 60% in just 23 days. The biodegradation pattern of the glycopolymer was successfully fitted against a modified sigmoidal exponential function. The kinetic model coefficients and its accuracy were calculated using Matlab and the correlation coefficient is more than promising. The changes inside glycopolymer structure after biodegradation were studied using TG and FTIR analyses, which revealed that the sugar moiety is firstly attacked by the microbial consortia as nutrient source for proliferation. View Full-Text
Keywords: glycopolymer; DSC; isoconversional methods; biodegradation; bioreactor; kinetic modeling; TG; FTIR glycopolymer; DSC; isoconversional methods; biodegradation; bioreactor; kinetic modeling; TG; FTIR
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MDPI and ACS Style

Pană, A.-M.; Ordodi, V.; Rusu, G.; Gherman, V.; Bandur, G.; Rusnac, L.-M.; Dumitrel, G.-A. Biodegradation Pattern of Glycopolymer Based on D-Mannose Oligomer and Hydroxypropyl Acrylate. Polymers 2020, 12, 704.

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