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Open AccessArticle

A New Approach Based on Glued Multi-Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Forms to Fabricate Bone Replacement Products

1
Center for Composite Materials, National University of Science and Technology “MISIS”, 119049 Moscow, Russia
2
N.N. Blokhin National Medical Research Center of Oncology, the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation (N.N. Blokhin NMRC of Oncology), 115478 Moscow, Russia
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(11), 2545; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12112545
Received: 25 September 2020 / Revised: 27 October 2020 / Accepted: 28 October 2020 / Published: 30 October 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Applications of Biopolymer Scaffolds)
Three types of glue based on thiol-ene reaction, polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/cellulose, and phenol formaldehyde were prepared and applied on modified ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene (UHMWPE) samples grafted by cellulose. In comparison with unmodified UHMWPE samples, T-peel tests on the modified and grafted UHMWPE films showed an increase in the peel strength values for the glues based on thiol-ene reaction, PVA/cellulose, and phenol formaldehyde by 40, 29, and 41 times, respectively. The maximum peel strength value of 0.62 Kg/cm was obtained for the glue based on phenol formaldehyde. Mechanical tests for the cylindrical multi-UHMWPE forms samples, made of porous UHMWPE as a trabecular layer and an armored layer (cortical layer) that consists of bulk and UHMWPE films, indicated an improvement in the mechanical properties of these samples for all glue types, as a result of the UHMWPE films existence and the increase in the number of their layers. The maximum compressive yield strength and compressive modulus values for the armored layer (bulk and six layers of the UHMWPE films using the glue based on thiol-ene reaction) were 44.1 MPa (an increase of 17%) and 1130 MPa (an increase of 36%), respectively, in comparison with one armored layer of bulk UHMWPE. A hemocompatibility test carried out on these glues clarified that the modified UHMWPE grafted by cellulose with glues based on PVA/cellulose and thiol-ene reaction were classified as biocompatible materials. These multi-UHMWPE forms composites can be considered a promising development for joint reconstruction. View Full-Text
Keywords: ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene; glue; cellulose; thiol-ene reaction; PVA; phenol formaldehyde; mechanical properties; T-peel tests; biocompatibility ultra-high molecular weight polyethylene; glue; cellulose; thiol-ene reaction; PVA; phenol formaldehyde; mechanical properties; T-peel tests; biocompatibility
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MDPI and ACS Style

Dayyoub, T.; Maksimkin, A.; Senatov, F.; Kaloshkin, S.; Anisimova, N.; Kiselevskiy, M. A New Approach Based on Glued Multi-Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Forms to Fabricate Bone Replacement Products. Polymers 2020, 12, 2545. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12112545

AMA Style

Dayyoub T, Maksimkin A, Senatov F, Kaloshkin S, Anisimova N, Kiselevskiy M. A New Approach Based on Glued Multi-Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Forms to Fabricate Bone Replacement Products. Polymers. 2020; 12(11):2545. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12112545

Chicago/Turabian Style

Dayyoub, Tarek; Maksimkin, Aleksey; Senatov, Fedor; Kaloshkin, Sergey; Anisimova, Natalia; Kiselevskiy, Mikhail. 2020. "A New Approach Based on Glued Multi-Ultra High Molecular Weight Polyethylene Forms to Fabricate Bone Replacement Products" Polymers 12, no. 11: 2545. https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12112545

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