Hemostasis is a process causing bleeding to stop, and it is known from the literature that hemostasis can be enhanced using chitosan on wound gauzes. We proposed here a continuous flow-through device, with the test blood flowing through the gauze sample at a constant flow rate and the pressure drop across the gauze measured, for assessing the hemostatic performance of the gauze. Experiments were performed using the device with both whole blood and washed blood (with clotting factors and platelets removed from the whole blood), and their results agree with each other within 10% discrepancy, indicating quantitatively that hemostatic enhancement via chitosan is essentially independent of classical clotting pathways, which was demonstrated qualitatively through animal tests in the literature. The proposed device and method can be applied for evaluating quantitatively the hemostatic performance of various gauzes in a flowing blood environment (in comparison with static tests) with less test blood (20–60% less, in comparison with that of a flow-through device driven by a constant pressure gradient), and are thus, helpful for designing better wound gauzes. In particular, it is effective to enhance the hemostatic performance further (additional 30%) through acidification (changing the amino group to the ammonium group) of the gauze for chitosan-based wound gauzes.
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