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Open AccessArticle

Surface and Structural Properties of Medical Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Modified with Silver Nanoparticles

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Department of Ceramics and Refractories, Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
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Department of Glass Technology and Amorphous Coatings, Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
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Faculty of Chemistry, Jagiellonian University, 30-387 Krakow, Poland
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Department of Biomaterials and Composites, Faculty of Materials Science and Ceramics, AGH University of Science and Technology, 30-059 Krakow, Poland
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Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2020, 12(1), 197; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym12010197
Received: 20 December 2019 / Revised: 7 January 2020 / Accepted: 9 January 2020 / Published: 12 January 2020
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Metal- and Metal Hybrid-Filled Polymer Nanocomposites)
Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene/silver nanoparticles (ABS/AgNPs) composites were manufactured through the plastic processing method. Three different matrices were used to obtain polymer and composite samples containing 0.5 wt % and 1.0 wt % of silver nanoparticles, respectively. The aim of this study was to examine physicochemical properties and stability of the materials in the in vitro conditions for two years. The results showed that composites made from amorphous matrices had comparable mechanical properties after incorporation of AgNPs. The values of Young modulus and tensile strength increased after the first and second year of investigation. Silver nanoparticles did not alter the surface parameters—e.g., roughness and contact angle also retained stable values after the in vitro incubation in water solution. The scanning electron observation revealed homogeneous distribution of silver modifier in all the matrices. The 24-month incubation of materials proved the stability of the composites microstructure. The DSC analysis revealed that addition of AgNPs may decrease glass transition temperature of the composite materials which was also reduced after 12 and 24 months of incubation. The attenuated total reflectance–Fourier transform infrared (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopic studies did not indicate significant changes in the ABS matrices either upon their modification with AgNPs or after the long-term testing. The conducted studies proved that all the composites are stable and may be used for a long-term working period. View Full-Text
Keywords: acrylonitrile butadiene styrene; silver nanoparticles; composites; physicochemical properties acrylonitrile butadiene styrene; silver nanoparticles; composites; physicochemical properties
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Ziąbka, M.; Dziadek, M.; Pielichowska, K. Surface and Structural Properties of Medical Acrylonitrile Butadiene Styrene Modified with Silver Nanoparticles. Polymers 2020, 12, 197.

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