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Open AccessArticle

Effect of Graphene Oxide Coating on Natural Fiber Composite for Multilayered Ballistic Armor

Department of Materials Science, Military Institute of Engineering-IME, Rio de Janeiro 22290270, Brazil
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(8), 1356;
Received: 3 July 2019 / Revised: 9 August 2019 / Accepted: 12 August 2019 / Published: 16 August 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Natural Fibres and their Composites)
Composites with sustainable natural fibers are currently experiencing remarkably diversified applications, including in engineering industries, owing to their lower cost and density as well as ease in processing. Among the natural fibers, the fiber extracted from the leaves of the Amazonian curaua plant (Ananas erectifolius) is a promising strong candidate to replace synthetic fibers, such as aramid (Kevlar™), in multilayered armor system (MAS) intended for ballistic protection against level III high velocity ammunition. Another remarkable material, the graphene oxide is attracting considerable attention for its properties, especially as coating to improve the interfacial adhesion in polymer composites. Thus, the present work investigates the performance of graphene oxide coated curaua fiber (GOCF) reinforced epoxy composite, as a front ceramic MAS second layer in ballistic test against level III 7.62 mm ammunition. Not only GOCF composite with 30 vol% fibers attended the standard ballistic requirement with 27.4 ± 0.3 mm of indentation comparable performance to Kevlar™ 24 ± 7 mm with same thickness, but also remained intact, which was not the case of non-coated curaua fiber similar composite. Mechanisms of ceramic fragments capture, curaua fibrils separation, curaua fiber pullout, composite delamination, curaua fiber braking, and epoxy matrix rupture were for the first time discussed as a favorable combination in a MAS second layer to effectively dissipate the projectile impact energy. View Full-Text
Keywords: curaua fibers; graphene oxide coating; epoxy composites; ballistic performance curaua fibers; graphene oxide coating; epoxy composites; ballistic performance
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Costa, U.O.; Nascimento, L.F.C.; Garcia, J.M.; Monteiro, S.N.; Luz, F.S.; Pinheiro, W.A.; Garcia Filho, F.C. Effect of Graphene Oxide Coating on Natural Fiber Composite for Multilayered Ballistic Armor. Polymers 2019, 11, 1356.

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