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Open AccessArticle

A Multilayer Emitter Close to Ideal Solar Reflectance for Efficient Daytime Radiative Cooling

1
Department of Physics, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing 210023, China
2
Department of Information Engineering, Nanjing Normal University Taizhou College, Taizhou 225300, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(7), 1203; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11071203
Received: 17 April 2019 / Revised: 8 July 2019 / Accepted: 8 July 2019 / Published: 18 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymers for Energy Storage and Conversion)
A passive radiative cooling method has a significant influence on thermal management applications because it can cool without any energy input. This work both experimentally and theoretically demonstrates a multilayer thin film structure with high solar reflectance, which can be applied to passive daytime radiative cooling. The combination of physical vapor deposition and spin-coating prepared the samples, which were also characterized experimentally by spectrometers. On-site measured results show that the emitter can effectively achieve daytime radiative cooling, and the cooling performance can be further improved with the increase of the ambient air temperature. When the emitter is exposed to direct solar radiation (AM1.5) of about 880 W/m2 on a rooftop under dry air conditions, it can achieve an average temperature reduction of about 12.6 °C from the ambient air temperature with nonradiative heat transfer (11 a.m.–1 p.m.). Theoretical simulations reveal that the emitter can still have a certain cooling performance in the presence of significant nonradiative heat exchange and nonideal atmospheric conditions. The influence of ambient air temperature on the cooling performance of the emitter is also theoretically analyzed. View Full-Text
Keywords: thin film; solar reflectance; emissivity; daytime radiative cooling; thermal-radiation; cooling performance thin film; solar reflectance; emissivity; daytime radiative cooling; thermal-radiation; cooling performance
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MDPI and ACS Style

Zhu, Y.; Wang, D.; Fang, C.; He, P.; Ye, Y.-H. A Multilayer Emitter Close to Ideal Solar Reflectance for Efficient Daytime Radiative Cooling. Polymers 2019, 11, 1203.

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