Phosphine Oxide Containing Poly(pyridinium salt)s as Fire Retardant Materials
AbstractSix new rugged, high-temperature tolerant phosphine oxide-containing poly(4,4′-(p-phenylene)-bis(2,6-diphenylpyridinium)) polymers P-1, P-2, P-3, P-4, P-5, and P-6 are synthesized, characterized, and evaluated. Synthesis results in high yield and purity, as confirmed by elemental, proton (1H), and carbon 13 (13C) nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra analyses. High glass transition temperatures (Tg > 230 °C) and high char yields (>50% at 700 °C) are determined by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), respectively. These new ionic polymers exhibit excellent processability, thin-film forming, high-temperature resistance, fire-resistance and retardation, coating, adhesion, mechanical and tensile strength, and n-type (electron transport) properties. The incorporation of phosphine oxide and bis(phenylpyridinium) moieties in the polymer backbones leads to high glass transition temperatures and excellent fire retardant properties, as determined by microcalorimetry measurements. The use of organic counterions allows these ionic polymers to be easily processable from several common organic solvents. A large variety of these polymers can be synthesized by utilizing structural variants of the bispyrylium salt, phosphine oxide containing diamine, and the counterion in a combinatorial fashion. These results make them very attractive for a number of applications, including as coating and structural component materials for automobiles, aircrafts, power and propulsion systems, firefighter garments, printed circuit boards, cabinets and housings for electronic and electrical components, construction materials, mattresses, carpets, upholstery and furniture, and paper-thin coatings for protecting important paper documents. View Full-Text
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Alam, M.M.; Biswas, B.; Nedeltchev, A.K.; Han, H.; Ranasinghe, A.D.; Bhowmik, P.K.; Goswami, K. Phosphine Oxide Containing Poly(pyridinium salt)s as Fire Retardant Materials. Polymers 2019, 11, 1141.
Alam MM, Biswas B, Nedeltchev AK, Han H, Ranasinghe AD, Bhowmik PK, Goswami K. Phosphine Oxide Containing Poly(pyridinium salt)s as Fire Retardant Materials. Polymers. 2019; 11(7):1141.Chicago/Turabian Style
Alam, Maksudul M.; Biswas, Bidyut; Nedeltchev, Alexi K.; Han, Haesook; Ranasinghe, Asanga D.; Bhowmik, Pradip K.; Goswami, Kisholoy. 2019. "Phosphine Oxide Containing Poly(pyridinium salt)s as Fire Retardant Materials." Polymers 11, no. 7: 1141.
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