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Mechanical and Static Stab Resistant Properties of Hybrid-Fabric Fibrous Planks: Manufacturing Process of Nonwoven Fabrics Made of Recycled Fibers

1
Interdisciplinary Graduate School of Science and Technology, Shinshu University, Nagano Prefecture 390-8621, Japan
2
Department of Science and Technology, Graduate School of Medicine, Science and Technology, Shinshu University, Nagano Prefecture 390-8621, Japan
3
Department of Medical Research, China Medical University Hospital, China Medical University, Taichung City 40402, Taiwan
4
Department of Bioinformatics and Medical Engineering, Asia University, Taichung City 41354, Taiwan
5
Innovation Platform of Intelligent and Energy-Saving Textiles, School of Textiles, Tianjin Polytechnic University, Tianjin 300387, China
6
College of Textile and Clothing, Qingdao University, Qingdao 266071, China
7
Department of Chemical Engineering and Materials, Ocean College, Minjiang University, Fuzhou 350108, Fujian, China
*
Authors to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(7), 1140; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11071140
Received: 8 May 2019 / Revised: 19 June 2019 / Accepted: 20 June 2019 / Published: 3 July 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer Hybrid Composites)
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Abstract

With the development of technology, fibers and textiles are no longer exclusive for the use of clothing and decoration. Protective products made of high-strength and high-modulus fibers have been commonly used in different fields. When exceeding the service life, the protective products also need to be replaced. This study proposes a highly efficient recycling and manufacturing design to create more added values for the waste materials. With a premise of minimized damage to fibers, the recycled selvage made of high strength PET fibers are reclaimed to yield high performance staple fibers at a low production cost. A large amount of recycled fibers are made into matrices with an attempt to decrease the consumption of new materials, while the combination of diverse plain woven fabrics reinforces hybrid-fabric fibrous planks. First, with the aid of machines, recycled high strength PET fibers are processed into staple fibers. Using a nonwoven process, low melting point polyester (LMPET) fibers and PET staple fibers are made into PET matrices. Next, the matrices and different woven fabrics are combined in order to form hybrid-fabric fibrous planks. The test results indicate that both of the PET matrices and fibrous planks have good mechanical properties. In particular, the fibrous planks yield diverse stab resistances from nonwoven and woven fabrics, and thus have greater stab performance. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid-fabric fibrous plank; recycled selvages; stab resistance hybrid-fabric fibrous plank; recycled selvages; stab resistance
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Chuang, Y.-C.; Bao, L.; Lin, M.-C.; Lou, C.-W.; Lin, T. Mechanical and Static Stab Resistant Properties of Hybrid-Fabric Fibrous Planks: Manufacturing Process of Nonwoven Fabrics Made of Recycled Fibers. Polymers 2019, 11, 1140.

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