Crosslinking Effect on Thermal Conductivity of Electrospun Poly(acrylic acid) Nanofibers
AbstractThe thermal conductivity (k) of poly(acrylic acid) (PAA) nanofibers, which were electrospun at various electrospinning voltages, was measured using suspended microdevices. While the thermal conductivities of the as-spun PAA nanofibers varied depending on the electrospinning voltages, the most pronounced 3.1-fold increase in thermal conductivity in comparison to that of bulk PAA was observed at the electrospinning voltage of 14 kV. On the other hand, a reduction in the thermal conductivity of the nanofibers was observed when the as-spun nanofibers were either thermally annealed at the glass transition temperature of PAA or thermally crosslinked. It is notable that the thermal conductivity of crosslinked PAA nanofibers was comparable to that of crosslinked bulk PAA. Polarized Raman spectroscopy and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy verified that the k enhancement via electrospinning and the k reduction by the thermal treatments could be attributed to the conformational changes between gauche and trans states, which may be further related to the orientation of molecular chains. In contrast, hydrogen bonds did not contribute significantly to the k enhancement. Additionally, the suppression of k observed for the crosslinked PAA nanofibers might result from the shortening of single molecular chains via crosslinking. View Full-Text
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Park, Y.; Lee, S.; Ha, S.S.; Alunda, B.; Noh, D.Y.; Lee, Y.J.; Kim, S.; Seol, J.H. Crosslinking Effect on Thermal Conductivity of Electrospun Poly(acrylic acid) Nanofibers. Polymers 2019, 11, 858.
Park Y, Lee S, Ha SS, Alunda B, Noh DY, Lee YJ, Kim S, Seol JH. Crosslinking Effect on Thermal Conductivity of Electrospun Poly(acrylic acid) Nanofibers. Polymers. 2019; 11(5):858.Chicago/Turabian Style
Park, Yeongcheol; Lee, Suyeong; Ha, Sung S.; Alunda, Bernard; Noh, Do Y.; Lee, Yong J.; Kim, Sangwon; Seol, Jae H. 2019. "Crosslinking Effect on Thermal Conductivity of Electrospun Poly(acrylic acid) Nanofibers." Polymers 11, no. 5: 858.
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