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Recent Applications of Chitin- and Chitosan-Based Polymers in Plants

1
Dipartimento di Biotecnologie e Bioscienze, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, 20126 Milan, Italy
2
Dipartimento di Scienze dell’Ambiente e della Terra, Università degli Studi di Milano-Bicocca, 20126 Milan, Italy
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(5), 839; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11050839
Received: 8 April 2019 / Revised: 2 May 2019 / Accepted: 7 May 2019 / Published: 8 May 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modifications and Applications of Chitin/Chitosan)
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PDF [258 KB, uploaded 21 May 2019]

Abstract

In recent years, the use of complex molecules based on the natural biopolymer chitin and/or on its deacetylated derivative chitosan has resulted in great advantages for many users. In particular, industries involved in the production of drugs, cosmetics, biotechnological items, and food have achieved better results using these particular molecules. In plants, chitin- and chitosan-based molecules are largely used as safe and environmental-friendly tools to ameliorate crop productivity and conservation of agronomic commodities. This review summarizes the results of the last two years on the application of chitin- and chitosan-based molecules on plant productivity. The open questions and future perspectives to overcome the present gaps and limitations are also discussed. View Full-Text
Keywords: chitin; chitosan; defense responses; nanoparticles; plant growth; pesticides chitin; chitosan; defense responses; nanoparticles; plant growth; pesticides
This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Malerba, M.; Cerana, R. Recent Applications of Chitin- and Chitosan-Based Polymers in Plants. Polymers 2019, 11, 839.

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