Preparation, Structure and Properties of Acid Aqueous Solution Plasticized Thermoplastic Chitosan
AbstractThis work provides a simple method for the preparation of thermoplastic chitosan using the most common dilute inorganic and organic acids in aqueous solutions, namely hydrochloric acid (HCl) and acetic acid (HAc). The melting plasticization behavior of chitosan under different concentrations and types of acid solution was investigated. By means of infrared spectra (IR), scanning electron microscope (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), and other characterization methods, as well as a mechanical property test, it was found that as the acid solution concentration increased, the protonation effect was stronger and the plasticization performance showed a better trend. The structure and performance of the modified chitosan were optimal when the concentration of HCl was around 8 wt %. In addition, it was found that HCl had a better effect on the plasticization of chitosan than HAc, which was because the protonation ability of HCl was stronger than that of HAc. Unlike the casting method, the structure and properties of chitosan sheets prepared by thermoplastic processing were directly affected by protonation, however not by the interaction of anionic-cationic electrostatic attractions between the –NH3+ groups of chitosan chains and the carboxyl groups of acetic acids or the chloridoid groups of hydrochloric acid. View Full-Text
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Zhang, Y.; Liu, B.-L.; Wang, L.-J.; Deng, Y.-H.; Zhou, S.-Y.; Feng, J.-W. Preparation, Structure and Properties of Acid Aqueous Solution Plasticized Thermoplastic Chitosan. Polymers 2019, 11, 818.
Zhang Y, Liu B-L, Wang L-J, Deng Y-H, Zhou S-Y, Feng J-W. Preparation, Structure and Properties of Acid Aqueous Solution Plasticized Thermoplastic Chitosan. Polymers. 2019; 11(5):818.Chicago/Turabian Style
Zhang, Yu; Liu, Biao-Lan; Wang, Liang-Jie; Deng, Ying-Hua; Zhou, Shi-Yi; Feng, Ji-Wen. 2019. "Preparation, Structure and Properties of Acid Aqueous Solution Plasticized Thermoplastic Chitosan." Polymers 11, no. 5: 818.
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