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Polymers 2019, 11(3), 481; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11030481

New Poly(lactide-urethane-isocyanurate) Foams Based on Bio-Polylactide Waste

Department of Chemistry and Technology of Polyurethanes, Technical Institute, Faculty of Mathematics, Physics and Technical Science, Kazimierz Wielki University, J. K. Chodkiewicza Street 30, 85-064 Bydgoszcz, Poland
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Received: 6 February 2019 / Revised: 5 March 2019 / Accepted: 7 March 2019 / Published: 12 March 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Environmentally Sustainable Polymers)
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Abstract

The article presents the results of research on the synthesis of a new eco-polyol based on polylactide (PLA) waste and its use for the production of rigid polyurethane-polyisocyanurate (RPU/PIR) foams. The obtained recycling-based polyol was subjected to analytical, physicochemical and spectroscopic tests (FTIR, 1H NMR, 13C NMR) to confirm its suitability for the synthesis of polyurethane materials. Then, it was used to partially replace petrochemical polyol in polyurethane formulation. The obtained RPU/PIR foams were characterized by lower apparent density, brittleness, and water absorption. In addition, foams modified by eco-polyol had higher flame retardancy, as compared to reference foam. The results of the research show that the use of PLA polyol based on plastic waste may be an alternative to petrochemical polyols. This research matches with the current trends of sustainable development and green chemistry. View Full-Text
Keywords: PLA; rigid polyurethane-polyisocyanurate foams; recycling; mechanical properties; 3D printing waste PLA; rigid polyurethane-polyisocyanurate foams; recycling; mechanical properties; 3D printing waste
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Paciorek-Sadowska, J.; Borowicz, M.; Isbrandt, M. New Poly(lactide-urethane-isocyanurate) Foams Based on Bio-Polylactide Waste. Polymers 2019, 11, 481.

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