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A Novel POSS-Based Copolymer Functionalized Graphene: An Effective Flame Retardant for Reducing the Flammability of Epoxy Resin

Fujian Provincial Key Laboratory of Fire Retardant Materials, College of Materials, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005, China
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Polymers 2019, 11(2), 241; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11020241
Received: 31 December 2018 / Revised: 28 January 2019 / Accepted: 29 January 2019 / Published: 1 February 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue POSS-Based Polymers)
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Abstract

In this study, a novel copolymer, PbisDOPOMA-POSSMA-GMA (PDPG), containing methacryloisobutyl polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (POSSMA), reactive glycidyl methacrylate (GMA), and bis-9,10-dihydro-9-oxa-10-phosphaphenanthrene-10-oxide methacrylate (bisDOPOMA) and derivative functionalized graphene oxide (GO) were synthesized by a one-step grafting reaction to create a hybrid flame retardant (GO-MD-MP). GO-MD-MP was characterized by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Raman spectroscopy, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA). Flame-retardant epoxy resin (EP) composites were prepared by adding various amounts of GO-MD-MP to the thermal-curing epoxy resin of diglycidyl ether of bisphenol A (DGEBA, trade name E-51). The thermal properties of the EP composites were remarkably enhanced by adding the GO-MD-MP, and the residue char of the epoxy resin also increased greatly. With the incorporation of 4 wt % GO-MD-MP, the limiting oxygen index (LOI) value was enhanced to 31.1% and the UL-94 V-0 rating was easily achieved. In addition, the mechanical strength of the epoxy resin was also improved. View Full-Text
Keywords: POSS-based copolymer; graphene oxide; flame retardant; epoxy resin POSS-based copolymer; graphene oxide; flame retardant; epoxy resin
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Li, M.; Zhang, H.; Wu, W.; Li, M.; Xu, Y.; Chen, G.; Dai, L. A Novel POSS-Based Copolymer Functionalized Graphene: An Effective Flame Retardant for Reducing the Flammability of Epoxy Resin. Polymers 2019, 11, 241.

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