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Open AccessReview

Scratch on Polymer Materials Using AFM Tip-Based Approach: A Review

1
Key Laboratory of Micro-systems and Micro-structures Manufacturing of Ministry of Education, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
2
Center for Precision Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150001, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Polymers 2019, 11(10), 1590; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym11101590
Received: 10 September 2019 / Revised: 25 September 2019 / Accepted: 26 September 2019 / Published: 29 September 2019
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Tribology of Polymers)
As a brand new nanomachining method, the tip-based nanomachining/nanoscratching (TBN) method has exhibited a powerful ability at machining on polymer materials and various structures have been achieved using this approach, ranging from the nanodot, nanogroove/channel, bundle to 2D/3D (three-dimensional) nanostructures. The TBN method is widely used due to its high precision, ease of use and low environmental requirements. First, the theoretical models of machining on polymer materials with a given tip using the TBN method are presented. Second, advances of nanostructures achieved by this method are given, including nanodots/nanodot arrays, a nanogroove/channel, 2D/3D nanostructures and bundles. In particular, a useful approach called the ultrasonic vibration-assisted method introduced to integrate with TBN method to reduce the wear of the tip is also reviewed, respectively. Third, the typical applications of the TBN method and the nanostructures achieved by it are summarized in detail. Finally, the existing shortcomings and future prospects of the TBN method are given. It is confirmed that this review will be helpful in learning about this method and push the technology toward industrialization. View Full-Text
Keywords: atomic force microscopy; TBN method; scratching; polymer materials atomic force microscopy; TBN method; scratching; polymer materials
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MDPI and ACS Style

Yan, Y.; Chang, S.; Wang, T.; Geng, Y. Scratch on Polymer Materials Using AFM Tip-Based Approach: A Review. Polymers 2019, 11, 1590.

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