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Polymers 2018, 10(6), 679; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10060679

Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for the Selective Extraction of Bisphenol A and Progesterone from Aqueous Media

1
Departamento de Polímeros, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad de Concepción, Edmundo Larenas #129, Concepción 4070371, Chile
2
Departamento de Química Analítica e Inorgánica, Facultad de Ciencias Químicas, Universidad de Concepción, Edmundo Larenas #129, Concepción 4070371, Chile
3
Departamento de Química Ambiental, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Católica de la Santísima Concepción, Alonso de Rivera #2850, Concepción 4090541, Chile
4
Sección Microanálisis, Laboratorio de Criminalística Central, Policía de Investigaciones de Chile PDI, Carlos Silva Vidósola #9783, La Reina, Santiago 7860379, Chile
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 29 May 2018 / Revised: 13 June 2018 / Accepted: 15 June 2018 / Published: 19 June 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Molecularly Imprinted Polymers)
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Abstract

This paper describes the development of a novel sorbent for selective extraction of endocrine disruptors (EDs) from aqueous media. The main goal was to obtain sufficient molecularly imprinted polymers (MIPs) for selective detection, preconcentration, and extraction of EDs such as bisphenol A (BPA) and progesterone (PG). Series of MIPs and their analogues, non-molecularly imprinted polymers (NIPs), were synthesised following a non-covalent imprinting strategy based on radical polymerisation. Sets of synthesis were performed in order to optimise variables of the polymerisation including solvent, cross-linker, and template ratio. The retention capacity of MIPs was determined using HPLC in the range of 33.3% to 96.6% and 32.5% to 96% for BPA and PG, respectively. The adsorption mechanism was studied by isothermal and kinetic assays. The kinetic analysis showed a high retention capacity within 15 min of contact. The polymer yield was obtained in the range of 30% to 100%. Additionally, there was no significant cross-reactivity observed upon testing MIPs with structural analogues and other endocrine disruptors instead of target molecules. The results also revealed the high importance of different concentrations of cross-linker and solvent during the polymerisation. Firstly, the pre-organisation of complementary functional groups, which were present in the polymerisation mixture, and secondly, selective cavity formation for target molecules. View Full-Text
Keywords: molecularly imprinted polymers; endocrine disruptors; selective extraction molecularly imprinted polymers; endocrine disruptors; selective extraction
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. (CC BY 4.0).

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Cáceres, C.; Bravo, C.; Rivas, B.; Moczko, E.; Sáez, P.; García, Y.; Pereira, E. Molecularly Imprinted Polymers for the Selective Extraction of Bisphenol A and Progesterone from Aqueous Media. Polymers 2018, 10, 679.

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