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Polymers 2018, 10(6), 627; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10060627

Water Absorption and Distribution in a Pultruded Unidirectional Carbon/Glass Hybrid Rod under Hydraulic Pressure and Elevated Temperatures

1,2,3
,
1,2,3,* and 1,2,3
1
Key Lab of Structures Dynamic Behavior and Control, Ministry of Education, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
2
Key Lab of Smart Prevention and Mitigation of Civil Engineering Disasters of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
3
School of Civil Engineering, Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin 150090, China
*
Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.
Received: 26 April 2018 / Revised: 28 May 2018 / Accepted: 5 June 2018 / Published: 7 June 2018
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Abstract

A pultruded unidirectional carbon/glass reinforced epoxy hybrid FRP rod with 19 mm of diameter was developed for a sucker rod and lifting oil wells. The rod possesses a 12-mm diameter carbon fiber core and a 3.5-mm thick outer shell. The rod was exposed to high-temperature immersion in water under hydraulic pressure. To understand the long-term service performance of the rod, immersions in water at 20 °C, 40 °C, or 60 °C under 20 MPa of pressure for 1 year were conducted on the water uptake and distribution in the rod. The water uptake data were fitted by Fickian diffusion law, and the diffusion coefficient and the maximum water uptake were derived. Water distribution in the rod as a function of the immersion time, temperature, and hydraulic pressure was analyzed theoretically. This study revealed the accelerating effects of the elevated temperatures and the hydraulic pressure on the water diffusion in the hybrid rod. View Full-Text
Keywords: hybrid; FRP rod; water absorption; hydraulic pressure; Fickian law hybrid; FRP rod; water absorption; hydraulic pressure; Fickian law
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Li, C.; Xian, G.; Li, H. Water Absorption and Distribution in a Pultruded Unidirectional Carbon/Glass Hybrid Rod under Hydraulic Pressure and Elevated Temperatures. Polymers 2018, 10, 627.

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