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Polymers 2018, 10(5), 491; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10050491

Thermal Degradation Kinetics and Viscoelastic Behavior of Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)/Organomodified Montmorillonite Nanocomposites Prepared via In Situ Bulk Radical Polymerization

Laboratory of Polymer and Colour Chemistry and Technology, Department of Chemistry, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 541 24 Thessaloniki, Greece
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Received: 4 April 2018 / Revised: 20 April 2018 / Accepted: 1 May 2018 / Published: 3 May 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Polymer-Clay (Nano)Composites)
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Abstract

Nanocomposites of polymers with nanoclays have recently found great research interest due to their enhanced thermal and mechanical properties. Deep understanding of the kinetics of thermal degradation of such materials is very important, since the degradation mechanism usually changes in the presence of the nano-filler. In this investigation, poly(methyl methacrylate)/organomodified clay nanocomposite materials were prepared by the in situ free radical bulk polymerization technique. The thermal degradation of the products obtained was studied by means of thermogravimetric analysis at several heating rates. Isoconversional kinetic analysis was conducted in order to investigate the effect of degradation conversion on the activation energy. Both, pure poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) and its nanocomposites were found to degrade through a two-step reaction mechanism. Data arising from a differential and an integral method were used to disclose the correlation between activation energies (Eα) and the extent of degradation (α). It was found that Eα value improved for all nanocomposites at α values higher than 0.3. Moreover, the viscoelastic behavior of the obtained nanocomposites was examined by means of dynamic mechanical thermal analysis. All nanocomposites exhibited higher storage modulus in comparison to the virgin PMMA at room temperature, while the increment of clay amount improved their stiffness gradually. View Full-Text
Keywords: nanocomposites; PMMA; montmorillonite; thermal degradation kinetics; viscoelastic properties nanocomposites; PMMA; montmorillonite; thermal degradation kinetics; viscoelastic properties
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This is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited (CC BY 4.0).
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Nikolaidis, A.K.; Achilias, D.S. Thermal Degradation Kinetics and Viscoelastic Behavior of Poly(Methyl Methacrylate)/Organomodified Montmorillonite Nanocomposites Prepared via In Situ Bulk Radical Polymerization. Polymers 2018, 10, 491.

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