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Open AccessArticle

Effect of SiO2 Content on the Extended Creep Behavior of SiO2-Based Wood-Inorganic Composites Derived via the Sol–Gel Process Using the Stepped Isostress Method

Department of Forestry, National Chung Hsing University, Taichung 402, Taiwan
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Polymers 2018, 10(4), 409; https://doi.org/10.3390/polym10040409
Received: 12 March 2018 / Revised: 30 March 2018 / Accepted: 4 April 2018 / Published: 6 April 2018
(This article belongs to the Special Issue Modification of Natural Fibres to Improve Biocomposites Performances)
In this study, methyltrimethoxysilane (MTMOS) was used as a reagent to prepare SiO2-based wood-inorganic composites (WICSiO2) via the sol-gel process, and subsequently, the extended creep behaviors of WICSiO2 with weight percent gains (WPGs) of 10%, 20%, and 30% were estimated using the stepped isostress method (SSM). The results revealed that the density of all samples ranged from 426 to 513 kg/m3, and no significant difference in the modulus of elasticity (MOE) was noted among all of the samples (10.5–10.7 GPa). However, the MOR of WICSiO2 with a WPG of 20% (102 MPa) was significantly greater than that of untreated wood (87 MPa). In addition, according to the result using the SSM, the SSM-predicted creep master curve fitted well with the experimental data for the untreated wood and WICSiO2. This result demonstrated that the SSM could be a useful method to evaluate long-term creep behaviors of wood and WICSiO2. Furthermore, the activation volume (V*) of the specimens was calculated from the linear slope of Eyring plots, and the resulting V* of all of the WICSiO2 (0.754–0.842 nm3) was lower than that of untreated wood (0.856 nm3). On the other hand, the modulus reduction of untreated wood showed 39%, 45%, 48%, and 51% at 5, 15, 30, and 50 years, respectively. In contrast, the modulus reduction of the WICSiO2 with a WPG of 10% decreased to 25%, 31%, 35%, and 38% at 5, 15, 30, and 50 years, respectively. Similar trends were also observed for other WICSiO2 with different WPGs. Of these, the WICSiO2 with a WPG of 20% exhibited the lowest reduction in time-dependent modulus (31%) over a 50-year period. Accordingly, the creep resistance of the wood could be effectively enhanced under the MTMOS treatment. View Full-Text
Keywords: SiO2-based wood-inorganic composites; sol-gel process; creep behavior; stepped isostress method; activation volume SiO2-based wood-inorganic composites; sol-gel process; creep behavior; stepped isostress method; activation volume
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MDPI and ACS Style

Hung, K.-C.; Wu, J.-H. Effect of SiO2 Content on the Extended Creep Behavior of SiO2-Based Wood-Inorganic Composites Derived via the Sol–Gel Process Using the Stepped Isostress Method. Polymers 2018, 10, 409.

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